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Gingrich: Caravan is an attack on US sovereignty


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Gingrich: Caravan is an attack on US sovereignty - Oct 19, 2018




10/20/2018

中美洲移民湧入 墨西哥邊界爆衝突多人傷


中央社墨西哥希達哥20日綜合外電報導


數千名中美洲移民今天湧入瓜地馬拉西北部邊界,現場可見移民將嬰兒高舉過頭接力傳遞。Getty Images數千名中美洲移民今天湧入瓜地馬拉西北部邊界,現場可見移民將嬰兒高舉過頭接力傳遞。Getty Images

數千名中美洲移民今天湧入瓜地馬拉西北部邊界,聚集在通往墨西哥的跨國大橋,墨西哥鎮暴警察阻止移民繼續長途跋涉前往美國。

移民朝墨西哥鎮暴警察投擲石塊和其他物品,鎮暴警察則發射橡皮子彈和催淚瓦斯回擊,導致移民、聯邦警察和記者多人受傷。

墨西哥有關當局堅持,無證移民必須個別提交庇護申請才能進入墨西哥。

移民高呼「我們可以!」和「墨西哥!墨西哥!」,他們稍早爬上或拆毀一連串路障,湧上大橋。

現場可見移民將嬰兒高舉過頭接力傳遞。有些婦女手裡抱著哭泣孩童或讓嬰兒貼緊胸口,跟著人群越過被破壞的金屬路障,上了跨國大橋。

部分移民使用繩索跳下橋,游過蘇奇亞提河(Suchiate River)或搭乘平常渡河使用的木筏。

路透社報導,包括40歲的康蘇洛(Adriana Consuelo)在內的部分移民支付25披索(1.3美元)費用,搭乘巨型輪胎做成的船隻渡河。

抵達墨西哥泥濘河岸後,她說:「沒有人檢查我的文件」,隨後就前往一家墨西哥捲餅餐廳。

但移民專家表示,墨西哥已加緊努力,阻止移民湧入。

與此同時,宏都拉斯和瓜地馬拉政府表示,宏國總統葉南德茲(Juan Orlando Hernandez)與瓜國總統莫拉萊斯(Jimmy Morales)今天在瓜地馬拉會面,以實施遣返宏都拉斯移民的策略。

來自宏都拉斯、薩爾瓦多和瓜地馬拉的大部分移民現在試圖非法進入美國。這些是美洲最貧窮且最暴力的國家之一。






10/19/2018

阻無證偷渡 墨西哥派500警駐邊 出動波音727

(World Journal) 編譯孫梁

加入「大篷車」行動的宏都拉斯移民,搭車經過瓜地馬拉市朝美國邊界進發。(Getty Images)加入「大篷車」行動的宏都拉斯移民,搭車經過瓜地馬拉市朝美國邊界進發。(Getty Images)
瓜地馬拉警察檢查宏都拉斯移民的證件。(路透)瓜地馬拉警察檢查宏都拉斯移民的證件。(路透)

川普總統強硬要求墨西哥制止從洪都拉斯等中美洲三國向北湧來的移民,並以關閉邊界和終止貿易協議做為威脅,給墨西哥造成巨大壓力;在媒體報導已有成百上千名洪都拉斯居民抵達與墨西哥交界的瓜地馬拉一側後,墨國18日在其南方邊界增派警力,甚至派出兩架載滿警員的波音727飛機到這個地區攔截。

500名墨國防暴警察已抵達與瓜地馬拉的邊界,以防洪都拉斯約4000個居民向北挺進。墨國警察總長表示,向南方邊界增派警力,不僅只是制止居民越界,也要協助移民官員維持秩序。

看到墨西哥增加警力部署後,川普高興地發推說:「謝謝墨西哥,期待與你們合作。」

墨西哥官員表示,不會允許洪都拉斯居民集體進入墨國,他們必須要出示護照和簽證,但很少洪都拉斯人有護照和簽證;或者單獨申請難民身分,但等候批准的時間可長達90天。

墨國官員還表示,沒有證件的移民被抓後將被遣返。

墨國總統當選人羅培茲歐布拉多(Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador)表示,川普的推特要從美國期中選舉的大背景下來看,「選舉迫在眉睫,川普是從政治上計算,他的立場就是他一貫表述的,新推特中沒有新意」。

墨西哥現任外長也感到樂觀,表示要從政治角度看川普的推特,「不必重視川普的話,對墨西哥最重要的是移民、尊重人權、他們的正當程序,尤其是最弱勢的群體」。

如果墨西哥不封鎖漏洞百出的南方邊界,美國可能停止兩國貿易和其他交流,華盛頓的移民政策研究所所長賽利認為,這對美墨兩國都將帶來巨大的經濟衝擊,但對制止無證移民偷渡卻很有限。

賽利說,放緩每天數百萬人的邊界流動,會傷害到兩國的合法交流、製造業和貿易,進而對美國工人產生影響,但對移民偷渡的影響則很小。

奧斯汀德州大學的墨西哥問題專家表示,川普威脅墨西哥說,他可向入境口岸派兵,但其他地段的非法偷渡仍將繼續。

原文链接>>




10/19/2018

Thousands of caravan migrants stopped at Guatemalan border clash with police

By David Agren


On Friday, the migrant caravan of at least 3,000 broke down gates at the Guatemalan border with Mexico and streamed toward a bridge to Mexico. (Oct. 19) AP

A caravan of U.S.-bound migrants broke down a border crossing Friday and streamed onto a bridge on Mexico’s southern border with Guatemala in the face of a heavy presence of Mexican and Guatemalan law enforcement officers, according to media reports.

The travelers — made up of 1,500 to 4,000 people mostly from Honduras — were eventually stopped on the river crossing, according to video broadcast by the U.S.-based Spanish-language network Telemundo.

Some members of the caravan became so desperate they jumped from the bridge, trying to grab onto one of the makeshift rafts other migrants were using to cross the river into Mexico.

“Unbelievable sight on Mexican border.. tear gas.. rocks being thrown … caravan wants to enter … not able to right now,” Tweeted Telemundo anchor José Díaz-Balart.

The network, which has reporters traveling with the caravan, showed Mexican police lined up along the fence holding it up against the waves of migrants trying to push past.

Caravan participants screamed that they were being fired upon with tear gas, but it was unclear from the video whether that was happening. Mexican officials have vowed not to harm or mistreat any of the migrants, but tensions were rising on Friday.

The group was on an early leg of a 1,100-mile sojourn to the U.S. border that President Donald Trump has made a key argument for his border policies in rallies leading into the midterm elections.

In a series of tweets this week, he angrily threatened to cut off aid to Central America and close the southern border with Mexico if their respective governments failed to deal with the situation.

The Associated Press initially reported that the thousands of migrants stopped about two blocks from the Guatemala-Mexican border crossing before turning around, saying they would wait another hour or so.

The border post, reports the AP, is guarded by a heavy security force and tall metal gates. Dozens of Mexican federal police officers are on the border bridge, with hundreds more behind them. In Guatemala, government authorities closed its border gate and are standing guard with dozens of troops and two armored jeeps.

Mexico’s ambassador to Guatemala says his country has decided to enforce a policy of “metered entry” since thousands of migrants are clamoring to cross, says the AP.

Mexican government officials were trying to enforce its immigration laws, treat the migrants in a humanitarian way and not further antagonize an unhappy White House.

The migration crisis at Mexico’s southern border is happening the same time Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is visiting with top Mexican government officials in Mexico City as part of a previously planned trip.

Pompeo met with Mexican Foreign Relations Secretary Luis Videgaray, who has proposed that Mexico work with the United Nations refugee agency to deal with the caravan of mostly Honduran migrants — who are fleeing poverty and violence — before they can make their way to the U.S.-Mexico border. The secretary of state is also scheduled to meet with incoming foreign relations secretary Marcelo Ebrard – who has been tapped to serve in the cabinet of president-elect Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who takes office Dec. 1.

“This is a challenge that Mexico is dealing with, and I have expressed it to Secretary Pompeo. We are a sovereign country. The migratory policy of Mexico is expressed by Mexico,” Videgaray said in a joint statement with Pompeo.

“We have the rule of law, and we will apply the law, but we will also deal with the caravan in a humanitarian way.”

For his part, Pompeo said, “We are currently reaching a point that appears to be a moment of crisis — a record number of migrants.

"The challenge related to security for our southern border is also a challenge for American sovereignty. We have to fix US laws in order to handle this properly as well. …President Trump has said it’s something we need to address inside our country to make sure we do this well. If we get this well, we will improve the relationship between our two countries materially as well.”

The mass of migrants arrived in the Guatemalan border town of Tecún Umán, where they slept on the streets and in a park and prepared Friday to cross the Suchiate River – which separates Mexico and Guatemala – and head northward to the U.S. border. Such migrant caravans are not uncommon as those heading north seek safety in numbers as the road through Mexico is rife with risks such as kidnap, rape and extortion. 


A caravan of more than 1,500 Honduran migrants moves north after crossing the border from Honduras into Guatemala on Oct. 15, 2018 in Esquipulas, Guatemala. (Photo: John Moore, Getty Images)

Mexico has said only those with the proper papers will be allowed entry into the country and has dispatched two planeloads of Federal Police officers to the area –which is often so neglected that migrants simply float across the river in rafts into Mexico without having to clear customs.

A top Mexican official said his government will ask the UN High Commissioner for Refugees to help identify “legitimate” asylum claims from the migrants who are part of the caravan.

Some in Mexico have questioned if the plan to accept so many asylum applications would work, given the current backlog of claims and slow processing times.

Mexico has received a crush of asylum claims in recent years as many Central Americans consider Mexico a destination country or prefer to not risk crossing an increasingly fortified U.S. border. The country accepted 14,596 claims in 2017, more than six times the number of applications it received in 2104. In February, the National Human Rights Commission warned of the “pending collapse of the refugee protection system in Mexico” as half of all claims were still unprocessed.

Under the Mexican government’s plan, those migrants whose asylum claims get rejected would be immediately repatriated to Honduras and other countries, Gerónimo Gutiérrez, the Mexican Ambassador to the U.S., told Fox News’ “Special Report” in an interview Thursday.

“We want to make sure that those claims are legitimate,” he said, noting a handful of migrants had already applied for asylum in Mexico.

“We want to make sure that those claims are legitimate,” he said, noting a handful of migrants had already applied for asylum in Mexico.

The Mexican government warned caravan participants “of grave risks” by illegally entering Mexico, including, “the presence of human trafficking networks.” Migrants transiting Mexico are often preyed upon by police and criminal gangs and suffer indignities such as kidnap, rape and extortion.

Dissuading migrants from making northbound trips is difficult, however, as the risks often outweigh remaining in the country.

“The majority of people we’re seeing [leave] from El Salvador and Honduras, principally, it’s still very much still due to the violence,” said Rick Jones, youth and migration adviser at Catholic Relief Services in El Salvador.

Both Videgaray and Ebrard called development in Central America the solution to stopping Central American emigration.

In his successful campaign, López Obrador said, “We’re not going to do the dirty work of any foreign government.” Earlier this week, he said his administration would provide Central Americans with work visas and said development in the region was necessary to stop people from leaving.

Ebrard, the incoming foreign minister, said Mexico couldn’t let the caravan through, although he noted to Mexican media that “Trump is making a political calculus” given next month’s midterm elections.

The U.S. government provides Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador with foreign assistance of $1.1 billion, according to the Washington Office on Latin America. Homicide rates have topped 80 per 100,000 residents in recent years, but fallen of late.

Corruption is rife, however. Guatemala President Jimmy Morales and several family members are accused of corruption – and subsequently moved to end the work of a UN anti-impunity commission, which has gone after members of the country’s political class.

Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernández’s National Party is accused of receiving money embezzled from the country’s social security institution for his 2013 campaign and won a disputed 2017 election after which he sent the police to repress protesters. The U.S.’s recently muted reactions to corruption and human abuses in Central America has left some observers questioning if it’s aggravating an already serious situation, which has led to outward migration.

“You have alleged $100 million-plus corruption scandals in each country with little evidence the governing elites have changed in anyway,” said Mike Allison, an expert in Central American politics at the University of Scranton. “The U.S. should be more concerned about what message that sends.”









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