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中國為何選成都美領館報復?分析人士認為2原因



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7/24/2020

中國為何選成都美領館報復?學者分析2原因

中國新聞組


美國駐成都總領事館。(Getty Images)

中國24日宣布關閉美國駐成都總領館,以反制美國此前要求關閉中國駐休士頓總領館的舉動。中國官媒「環球時報」報導引述專家分析指,之所以選擇美國駐成都總領館作為反制目標,最重要的核心原因是「外交尊嚴對等」,第二層面也反映中方仍致力於「管控中美分歧」的信號。專家同時提醒稱,中美互相關停領事館後,未來三個月將成為兩國關係最具挑戰的時期,出現「高度不可預測性事件」的機率增大。

復旦大學美國問題專家沈逸表示,關閉成都領館的舉動向美傳遞出清晰信號:中國無意主動破壞中美關系,但對於美國的出格舉動,中國一定會堅決反制。

美國在中國大陸共有五所領事館,分別位於廣州、上海、瀋陽、成都和武漢。美國駐成都總領館於1985年設立,具有重要戰略意義,覆蓋地區為中國西南地區,包括四川、雲南、貴州、西藏和重慶。1999年,美國轟炸中國駐前南聯盟大使館後,中國民眾曾包圍美國駐成都總領館進行強烈抗議。

此前,有媒體猜測稱中國將關閉美國駐武漢總領館,但分析人士認為,由於疫情原因,美國部分駐武漢領館的工作人員尚未返回,如關閉美駐武漢總領館,不足以「對等回應美國前所未有的政治挑釁」。

外交學院國際關係研究所教授李海東表示,中國選擇關閉美國駐成都總領館,也傳遞中國仍致力於「管控中美分歧」的信號,因為在美國的所有駐中使領館中,成都總領館的業務量和面對區域是相對較少的,對雙方人員正常交流影響較小,這和美國選擇規模較小的中國駐休士頓領館相應。

李海東認為,美國總統川普應對選戰的策略已日漸清晰,即通過製造美國國內分裂和國際對抗以爭取支持,這意味著他可能因國內選情的變化,採取不同程度的措施,其中包括挑起軍事爭端與衝突,以拉高支持率。他表示,因此未來三個月將成為中美關係最具挑戰性的時期,有可能出現「高度不可預測性事件」。

沈逸也說,未來到美國大選結束前這段時間,美國有可能再進行一系列動作。他認為,中國不太可能不計一切後果的加以報復,而是會把民間和政府分開,繼續和美國企業及人民正常交流。






7/24/2020

中国通知美国关闭驻成都总领事馆


美国驻成都总领事馆(资料图)

中国今天(24日)通知美国关闭驻成都总领事馆,以回应美国要求中国关闭关闭驻休斯敦总领事馆。

中国外交部在官网上宣布,他们上午通知美国驻华使馆,中方决定撤销对美国驻成都总领事馆的设立和运行许可,并对该总领事馆停止一切业务和活动提出具体要求。

中国外交部批评美方7月21日单方面挑起事端,突然要求中方关闭驻休斯敦总领事馆,严重违反国际法和国际关系基本准则及中美领事条约有关规定,严重破坏中美关系。

外交部说:“中方上述举措是对美方无理行径的正当和必要反应,符合国际法和国际关系基本准则,符合外交惯例。”







7/14/2019

子女留学遭CIA策反 解放军投美高官被抓 身份不简单



公开的报道显示钱卫平(红圈处)佩戴的是少将军衔(图源:超大军事论坛)


(法广RFI 小山)据联合早报引述香港明报消息指,中国中央军委装备发展部副部长钱卫平,月初因涉间谍罪被军方拘捕调查,该案中钱卫平的儿子据称被美国中央情报局策反回中国时行间谍遭俄罗斯情报追踪败露。消息透露,有关钱卫平涉谍线索来源于俄罗斯。消息还透露钱卫平至少3名子女在美国留学。报道说因此案军方将检视将领子女外国留学问题。

联合早报引述香港明报指,中国军方检视将领子女外国留学问题。

明报报道说,本月初,一则钱卫平涉间谍案消息在中国互联网热传,指钱卫平是因其子在美求学时遭美国中央情报局(CIA)策反,惟并无详情,而北京官方至今未证实上述传闻,惟相关帖文仍未遭删除。

据明报说,据北京消息人士向该报证实,钱卫平涉谍消息基本属实。消息称,钱卫平在美留学的儿子利用假期返家之时,多次翻拍和电子复制涉及解放军装备及载人航天等相关涉密文件,其间钱卫平虽有察觉,但并未深究,“至于钱卫平如何涉案,军方保卫部门还在调查之中”。

据消息透露,此前军方并未察觉到钱卫平涉案的蛛丝马迹,而钱的儿子在美遭CIA策反的线索亦是透过俄罗斯情报部门获得。今年5月底,钱卫平之子从美回国后再未出境,相信亦因涉案而被扣查。

有消息称,除钱卫平儿子涉案外,钱卫平在美国的两名女儿亦被召回国,但目前尚未有她们是否涉案的消息。钱案爆发后,解放军正重新检视高级将领子女去外国留学的相关安全问题。

明报今天还称,俄罗斯通报助中国破航天将领涉美谍案,情报共享建功。消息指显战略伙伴诚意。

据明报报道介绍,56岁的钱卫平是江苏宜兴人,1980年考入国防科技大学,是航天测控和通讯专家,曾任中国载人航天工程测控通讯系统总工程师,参与神舟1号至9号通讯规划及嫦娥2号月球探测系统设计师。他原任中央军委装备发展部信息系统局局长。

据消息称,钱涉谍案对航天科技及军方高新装备等均有重大影响,甚至超过2004年空军指挥学院院长刘广智父子涉台间谍案。






3/25/2019

How Rich Chinese Parents Get Their Kids Into U.S. Colleges

Americans aren’t the only one paying for the process.

BY AMY HAWKINS
 


More than 3,000 students draw together at Hubei University during a mock college entrance exam for art on October 29, 2017 in Wuhan, Hubei Province of China. (Photo by VCG/Getty Images)

$90,000 can still buy you a lot in China, whether it’s paying 25 minimum wage workers for a year or four nights of ultraluxury accommodation at Beijing’s Bulgari Hotel (with some change left over). If you know where to look, it can also help buy your way into a U.S. college—by any means necessary. That means a lot to Chinese parents, for whom an education in the United States is seen as a way to guarantee a child’s future. And it means a lot of money for the people involved in helping them get there.

Last week, the news broke that dozens of wealthy American parents had paid up to $1.2 million apiece in bribes to guarantee their children places at top universities. Methods of cheating included doctoring images to claim that their children were accomplished athletes, falsifying SAT results, and lying about ethnic heritage in order to take advantage of affirmative action policies.



That’s a familiar story for Chinese. There have been numerous reported cases of students caught cheating the system. Last week, five California residents were arrested on charges of helping more than 40 Chinese nationals obtain student visas by taking their English tests for them, using fake passports in the process. The scheme was allegedly masterminded by 23-year-old Liu Cai, an international student at the University of California, Los Angeles. In 2018, professors at the University of California, Santa Barbara, complained that many Chinese students lacked adequate English language proficiency, and it’s common for international students who have been coached into U.S. universities to struggle to keep up.

The man at the center of the U.S.  scandal was William Singer, founder of a college-preparatory business known as The Key. He told a federal court in Boston that he created a “side door” of admissions that guaranteed access to top institutions. That was an alternative to the “front door of getting in, where a student just does it on their own,” and the “back door,” where people “make large donations, but they’re not guaranteed in.”

International students are generally trying for the front door—but others may be holding it open for them.


International students are generally trying for the front door—but others may be holding it open for them. Thousands of international students, particularly from China, have been gaming the college application process with intensive coaching that sometimes tips over into fraud. Tutoring is common in American families as well, but the wealth and determination of many Chinese families can take this approach to a new level.


    
   
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One Chinese student’s parents paid 600,000 RMB, or $90,000, for a personal agent to help him through the university application process, Foreign Policy discovered. The package guaranteed between three and five offers from universities in the Top 60. Now in his first year at a top West Coast university, the student, who is unaware of the scale of his parents’ financial contribution, said that the agent helped him polish the grammar and structure of his personal essay, and “made a few suggestions regarding what topics or things that I [could] include.” The agent also suggested extracurricular activities that would boost the student’s application, as well as going through practice SAT and ACT papers. He said that almost all of his Chinese friends at university “contacted an agent somewhere in the process of application.”

Much of this process focuses on the dreaded personal essay, a format almost completely unfamiliar in Chinese schools but which can make or break an application in the United States. Feedback and advice is perfectly legitimate for such essays—but some tutors write the whole thing for the student, or even craft fictions to aid them. Another sticking point can be extracurricular activities, vital for American universities but unimportant in Chinese schools, which build toward a single exam. Sometimes tuition companies push students toward the kind of things U.S. colleges look for—or sometimes they just help invent them.



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Accessing an elite American education is big business in China. The test preparation industry alone was worth $3.9 billion in 2016. There are now 340,000 Chinese nationals seeking degrees in the United States, about one-third of all foreign students. Of course, many of these students will have gotten into their schools through pure hard work, and preapplication tutoring doesn’t necessarily undermine the students’ own achievements. But there are now hundreds of companies in China that promise to help students navigate the admissions system and put together an application that guarantees success.

One company that offers help with applications is Bonday, which is headquartered in Shanghai. Although Bonday doesn’t promise a fail-safe success rate, prices for its services start at 200,000 RMB ($29,800) for packages that include soft-skills training, advice on summer schools, and help with editing personal essays. Bonday has placed students at universities such as Princeton, Harvard, and the University of Chicago. Another company, Guangzhou-based Jiazhou Education, offers a more affordable option: a U.S. college application prepared by them costs 48,000 RMB ($7,150), and they claim to have a 99 percent success rate in receiving offers from top American universities.



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Like most companies interviewed for this article, Jiazhou insisted that its tutors are not ghostwriters. Other companies are less scrupulous. Yingtai Education, based in Xi’an, charges up to 100,000 RMB ($14,900) for a package of services that includes selecting appropriate schools, preparing a study plan, suggesting extracurricular activities, and “guidance about [personal statements].” Yingtai tells students what to emphasize in their personal statements and, a spokesperson said, “sometimes for the very lazy student we [have] to help [them] to compose.” Yingtai doesn’t charge an additional fee for cases where ghostwriting is deemed necessary, because for such students, “sometimes teaching and giving guidance is more time-consuming.”

“It’s a real shame,” said Nini Suet, founder and CEO of Shang Learning, an education consultancy. She said that “unethical behavior is still pretty rampant” in the education industry, and that many parents expect ghostwriting as standard. Shang Learning is a member of the Independent Educational Consultants Association, which requires adherence to strict ethical standards, but she admits that some parents “flip out” when her company refuses to produce fraudulent essays for their children.



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One of the most significant elements of a university application in the United States is the SAT. In Asia, the exam has been beleaguered by leaks and accusations of inadequate security measures. Over 10,000 Chinese students take the test every year, usually travelling to Hong Kong to do so, as there are no test centers on the mainland. But because test papers used in the United States are often reused in Asia in the same cycle, the SAT’s credibility has been repeatedly called into question. In 2013, the College Board, the nonprofit that administers the SAT, canceled the scheduled exam across South Korea after South Korean law enforcement officials discovered that test-prep schools had obtained a copy of test questions in advance. In 2014, the College Board withheld the scores of every test-taker in China and South Korea after another leak, leaving 55,000 students in limbo.

The College Board insists that test-prep schools are at fault for distributing leaked papers, though the College Board created the opportunity by recycling the tests. But other cases of unfair advantages for Chinese students are more clear-cut.



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In 2016, a Shenzhen-based company called Transcend Education was found to have created fake high-school transcripts on behalf of clients, doctored a teacher’s reference without his knowledge, and essentially ghostwritten college application essays. Emma Pu, director of Cambridge Youth Summer Camps, an English-teaching company based in Kunming, also believes that fraudulent activity is commonplace. Rather than producing totally fake documents, though, she said it’s more common for companies to “make your background look good, so they list some fake event or activities you have done.” In other cases, she said, companies will use sample essays found online, although most wealthy clients will use an agency that offers tailor-made fakes.

The tides in the education industry may be changing, though. In light of the bribery scandal in the United States, universities are under renewed pressure to better scrutinize their processes. Suet said that many schools have already started looking more deeply at applications, checking specifically for authenticity, and parents in first-tier cities such as Beijing and Shanghai have reacted accordingly, reducing the demand for fraud. Some universities already employ third-party companies to meet Chinese students in person to check if their real-life persona matches what is written in their applications. For the minority of students who cheat the system, the game may finally be up.

Source: https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/03/20/rich-chinese-parents-are-smoothing-their-kids-way-into-u-s-colleges/



3/25/2019

为进美国名校 中国学生砸钱“走侧门”


德克萨斯大学新入学的中国学生2015年8月22日听取入学介绍。

美国外交政策杂志指出,为了进入美国名校,大批中国学生不惜巨额开销,在应考和入学申请等方面依托商业辅助,走“侧门”,涉嫌舞弊。

该杂志3月20日报道说,随着美国大学中国学生人数的增加,中国学生涉及的考试舞弊行为近来有很多报道。就在上周,五名加州居民被捕,罪名是代替四十多名中国学生参加英语考试,帮助他们获得来美的学生签证。这个团伙的负责人是加州大学洛杉矶分校的刘彩(译音),今年23岁。

报道说,加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校的教职员2018年就抱怨说,他们对该校中国学生的英语水平持怀疑态度。一个涉及此类舞弊操作的人是辛格尔(William Singer)。他在美国的职业就是大学辅导准备,公司取名“关键(The Key)”。他在波士顿一家联邦法庭出庭时说,为了保证进入美国名校,他为国际学生开了“侧门”,而且“侧门”与正面和后门都不相同。

此类“侧门”就包括与中国境内的人进行代理合作,瞄准中国富有家长急于把子女送入美国名校的愿望,“辅导”发财。





报道说,一名中国学生的家长支付了9万美元,聘请一名辅导代理,帮助这名学生申请美国大学。代理保证申请会被排名前60的美国大学的三到五所录取。辅导员帮助这名学生快速提高语法,熟悉入学申请必须的介绍短文协作,就可能包括的题目提出建议,甚至包办代写。代理还对一些课外活动提出建议,提高入学申请的个人魅力。这名已经在美国西岸名校就读的学生回忆说,他在大学的中国学生几乎人人都是“在申请程序中的某个时候与一名代理取得了联系”。

报道说,此类的辅导公司目前在中国就有几百家,仅在2016年价值就达39亿美元。

总部设在上海的棒呆国际教育(Bonday)就是这样一家公司。棒呆虽然不保证一定成功,还是提供起价20万人民币的综合辅导服务,包括软技能训练,夏季学校咨询,并修改入学申请的个人短文。经过棒呆帮助的学生现在已经进入普林斯顿、哈佛和芝加哥大学等美国名校就读;

另一家辅导公司是西安的英泰教育(Yingtai Education),为想到美国上大学的人提供综合辅导,收费10万人民币,内容包括挑选学校,准备学习计划,建议课外活动,并为个人短文提供辅导,帮助掌握应该突出的内容。公司发言人对美国外交政策杂志说,“有时我们必须帮助那些十分懒惰的学生写作”,但不额外收费,原因是“对此类学生有时讲课和辅导都是更浪费时间”。

相比之下,广州的加州教育(Jiazhou Education)的收费就不是很高,综合辅导只收4万8千人民币。但加州教育声称美国名校的录取率达99%,而且公司辅导员并非枪手。

报道特别指出,美国大学的中国学生人数已经有34万,占外国学生总数大约三分之一。很多中国学生都是通过勤奋努力争取到来美就读的,申请辅导也不一定表示学生没有能力独立申请,但中国学生来美就读的商业辅导确实存在欺诈行为,值得关注。












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