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华人获绿卡的灰色途径被盯上 政庇案防作假大改革




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02/01/2018

华人获绿卡的灰色途径被盯上 政庇案防作假大改革



维权分子在华府最高法院前面举起标语反对川普的旅游禁令。(路透)


司法部长塞辛斯去年10月发表演说,谈及“庇护制度面临的危机”。(Getty Images)

美国公民及移民服务局(USCIS)31日宣布大幅修改现行政治庇护面试安排政策,以“后来先出”(last in, first out)原则,优先处理新提交的申请,而非已积累的旧案;USCIS说,这样做是为解决越积越多的政庇案件,让移民官迅速筛检出不符资格的新申请者,进入递解程序,不让他们因漫长的等候程序而获工卡并留美,给国安留下隐患。

移民律师分析,新规将使利用政治庇护获得绿卡更难,也会迫使许多在等候面试的政庇申请者,因等候期越来越长而自行放弃。

USCIS表示,高达31万1000件的政庇积案,已达“危机程度”(crisis-level),积累的政庇案件在过去五年里,增加逾17倍;而大量案件的长期积压,给申请造假和滥用者创造条件,因此将改变现行从后到前的面试安排顺序,改为优先处理最新提交的申请。

USCIS指出,政庇申请者在长达数年等候面试期间,可获工作许可也能留美,无形中为无证移民打开留美的灰色地带,也给国家安全带来隐患。

USCIS局长西斯纳(L. Francis Cissna)说,“政治庇护申请的延迟,损害合法政庇申请者的权益,也使国家安全和政庇系统的本意遭滥用和破坏。”

USCIS表示,新提交的政庇案件越快进行面试,能大大压缩造假行为的时间和空间,同时也让移民官迅速筛选出材料造假、不符资格的申请者。

根据新规,USCIS即日起在安排新的面试时间时,将优先安排新递交的申请;此前已提交,正在等候面试通知的案件,将按提交时间从新到旧的顺序安排,即提交得越早者,面试安排将越晚;已被安排面试者,因申请人在该时段无法参加面试或USCIS原因而必须重新安排面试的,也将被优先安排。

移民律师并不认为此举是解决现有的政庇案件大量积压的好方法。全美移民律师协会(AILA)全国政治庇护委员会(National Asylum Committee)委员麦克菲(David McHaffey)说,如今诸多政庇申请者,等候面试达三年以上,新规下,更不知要等到何时,同时也让政庇申请成功的难度加大。

移民律师高泰(Theodore Cox)说,川普上台后,USCIS对待政庇案件便越来越不友好,此举令其感到联邦政府醉翁之意不在酒。

高泰指出,以众多华人政庇申请者为例,很多配偶、子女仍在中国,盼望着等到面试、获得绿卡,从而将配偶子女接来美国团聚;如今等候时间越长者,被安排面试更遥遥无期,或将逼迫不少人无法忍受骨肉分离之苦,放弃归国;而新申请者,很多证据、材料准备还不充分,立即被安排面试,往往因证据不足而被拒,立即遭递解。

USCIS的数据显示,2016年全年共有1万7745名中国人在美国申请政治庇护,仅次于委内瑞拉。



司法部长塞辛斯去年10月在维吉尼亚州谈及美国的庇护申请制度已面临危机。(欧新社)



美国国土安全部公民及移民事务局局长西斯纳去年12月受访时指出,许多庇护申请案造假。(美联社)



司法部长塞辛斯去年10月发表演说,谈及“庇护制度面临的危机”。(Getty Images)



纽约州检察长史奈德在布碌仑联邦法庭外为梦想生争取权益。(Getty Images)
 


波士顿罗根机场的国际旅客进出通道。(路透)



美国国土安全部公民及移民事务局局长西斯纳去年12月在白宫简报指出,许多庇护申请案造假。






USCIS to Take Action to Address Asylum Backlog

Release Date: Jan. 31, 2018

Agency Will Focus on Processing Recently Filed Applications


WASHINGTON — U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced today that the agency will schedule asylum interviews for recent applications ahead of older filings, in an attempt to stem the growth of the agency’s asylum backlog.

USCIS is responsible for overseeing the nation’s legal immigration system, which includes adjudicating asylum claims. The agency currently faces a crisis-level backlog of 311,000 pending asylum cases as of Jan. 21, 2018, making the asylum system increasingly vulnerable to fraud and abuse. This backlog has grown by more than 1750 percent over the last five years, and the rate of new asylum applications has more than tripled.

To address this problem, USCIS will follow these priorities when scheduling affirmative asylum interviews:

  1. Applications that were scheduled for an interview, but the interview had to be rescheduled at the applicant’s request or the needs of USCIS;
  2. Applications pending 21 days or less since filing; and
  3. All other pending applications, starting with newer filings and working back toward older filings.

Additionally, the Affirmative Asylum Bulletin issued by USCIS has been discontinued.

“Delays in the timely processing of asylum applications are detrimental to legitimate asylum seekers,” said USCIS Director L. Francis Cissna. “Lingering backlogs can be exploited and used to undermine national security and the integrity of the asylum system.”

This priority approach, first established by the asylum reforms of 1995 and used for 20 years until 2014, seeks to deter those who might try to use the existing backlog as a means to obtain employment authorization. Returning to a “last in, first out” interview schedule will allow USCIS to identify frivolous, fraudulent or otherwise non-meritorious asylum claims earlier and place those individuals into removal proceedings.

For details on how we will schedule interviews, go to our Affirmative Asylum Interview Scheduling page.

For more information on USCIS and its programs, please visit uscis.gov or follow us on Twitter (@uscis), YouTube (/uscis), and Facebook (/uscis).

- USCIS -









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