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已入籍的也有危险!特朗普加强对合法移民的审查




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7/22/2018

已入籍的也有危险!特朗普加强对合法移民的审查
侨报记者苏晚7月22日洛杉矶报道,特朗普政府正加大力度遏制合法移民,最近几周采取了一系列行动,可能导致已经获得公民身份的人被驱逐出境。

据《国会山报》(The Hill)报道,美国移民局(USCIS)对美联社说,该机构正在招聘数十名律师和移民官员。审查在入籍过程中涉嫌向官员撒谎的移民案件。

该办公室于7月5日公布了一份备忘录,宣布其计划开始发布更多案件通知。这些通知要求移民在某一日期出现在移民法官面前,而这可能是驱逐程序的第一步。



特朗普(图源:路透社)

专家表示,政策的改变,加上接下来发生的事情,可能会大大扩大被遣返的人数。该机构上周表示,从9月11日起,移民官将有权力彻底否决那些缺少信息的申请。这与奥巴马时代的政策有所不同,奥巴马时代的政策是:要求提供更多证据,或发出申请被拒的警告。

这些行政改革突显了特朗普的官员,包括司法部长杰夫·塞申斯(Jeff Sessions)和白宫顾问斯蒂芬·米勒(Stephen Miller),不止是在寻求减少非法移民,他们还针对已入籍公民采取措施,以减少在美的外国出生居民的数量。USCIS表示,政策的改变是为了确保移民法得到忠实执行,从而保证国家安全。

该机构发言人迈克尔·巴尔斯(Michael Bars)在给《国会山报》的一份声明中表示,当一项福利被拒绝时,移民总能提出上诉。但移民专家表示,最近发生变化的移民政策说明,这个曾经注重于服务的机构产生了明显的转变。

移民政策研究所美国移民政策项目的政策分析师萨拉·皮尔斯(Sarah Pierce)说:“我们分开设立福利机构与执法机构是有原因的。(政府)似乎已经实施了一系列改革,使移民局更像是一个执法机构。这是有问题的,是非常令人担忧的。”

但USCIS称,指它向执法机构过渡的说法是错误和不准确的。巴尔斯说:“事实上,许多开放边境的支持者认为,美国应该对非法移民、欺诈、人口贩卖、帮派活动和毒品扩散等案件视而不见,以牺牲公共安全和法律的完整性为代价。每年,许多合法的个人都能获得移民福利,包括获得公民身份的巨大特权。每个人都希望获得更多的机会、繁荣和社会保障。”他还补充道,USCIS致力于在个案的基础上公平、高效、有效地裁决所有的请愿和申请。



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7/22/2018

Trump ramps up scrutiny of legal immigrants

BY LYDIA WHEELER

The Trump administration is stepping up efforts to curb legal immigration, taking a series of actions in recent weeks that could lead to deportation for people already granted citizenship.

The director of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) — an office established in 2003 to process immigrant applications for visas, work permits, green cards and citizenship — told The Associated Press recently that the agency is hiring dozens of lawyers and immigration officers to review cases of immigrants who are suspected of having lied to officials during the naturalization process.

The office made public on July 5 a memo announcing its plan to start issuing notices to appear for a wider range of cases. Those notices, which require an immigrant to appear before an immigration judge on a certain date, can be the first step in deportation proceedings.

Experts say that policy change, coupled with what came next, could vastly expand the number of individuals being referred for removal.

The agency said last week that starting Sept. 11 its adjudicators will have the ability to outright deny applications that are missing information. That’s a departure from an Obama-era policy of sending requests for more evidence or issuing a warning of their intent to deny the application.

“The memos are really, layer by layer, going after people who are in line doing the right things,” Anastasia Tonello, president of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, said.

The administrative changes highlight how Trump officials, including Attorney General Jeff Sessions and White House adviser Stephen Miller, aren’t just seeking to curtail illegal immigration — they’re also taking steps against naturalized citizens in an effort to reduce the number of foreign-born residents in the U.S.

USCIS says the policy changes are an effort to ensure the nation’s immigration laws are faithfully executed to keep communities safe and secure.

Michael Bars, an agency spokesman, said in a statement to The Hill that immigrants can always file an appeal when a benefit is denied. 

But immigration experts say the changes — along with the agency’s new mission statement emphasizing the security of U.S. citizens — mark a noticeable shift in an agency that was previously focused on customer service.

There’s a reason we set up our benefits agency separate from our enforcement agency, and it seems like a bunch of changes have been put in place to make USCIS more of an enforcement agency,” said Sarah Pierce, a policy analyst with Migration Policy Institute’s U.S. Immigration Policy Program. It’s problematic and very concerning.”

USCIS called the allegation that it is transitioning to an enforcement agency false and inaccurate.

“The truth is that many open borders advocates believe the U.S. should turn a blind eye to cases of illegal immigration, fraud, human trafficking, gang activity and drug proliferation at the expense of public safety and the integrity of our laws,” Bars said.

“Each year, immigration benefits including the great privilege of citizenship are attainable for many legitimate individuals each seeking greater opportunity, prosperity, and security as newly entrusted members of society,” he said, adding that USCIS is committed to adjudicating all petitions and applications fairly, efficiently and effectively on a case-by-case basis.



The additional lawyers and immigration officials announced in June by USCIS Director L. Francis Cissna are for a new office that the agency says will serve as a centralized location to review and refer appropriate cases for denaturalization to the Department of Justice.

The cases involve individuals who had been ordered to be removed from the country and intentionally used multiple identities to defraud the government to obtain citizenship, USCIS said.

The new office is the byproduct of an investigation completed in 2016 by the Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General after Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) discovered in 2011 that it was missing fingerprint records of immigrants who were fugitives or convicted criminals, as well as those who had deportation orders.

The investigation found that USCIS has granted U.S. citizenship to 858 immigrants who had been ordered deported or removed under another name.

More than 2,500 naturalization cases have been determined to require an in-depth review for possible denaturalization, of which almost 100 have been referred to the Department of Justice for denaturalization, according to USCIS.

So far, six individuals have been denaturalized, meaning ICE will decide whether to pursue deportation proceedings.

With so few denaturalizations for fraud, policy experts say the new office isn’t worth the investment.

Ruth Wasem, a clinical professor of public policy at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin, said most people haven’t done anything wrong.

“It’s hard not to think it’s pretty hateful to be assuming people who are trying to go through the legal process are somehow sinister,” she said.

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