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入籍欺诈猖獗 美国移民局成立新机构剥夺造假者公民身份




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6/13/2018

入籍造假 美国移民局成立新机构决定严查

入籍造假 移民局决定严查 上千移民在亚特兰大特纳球场宣誓入籍。(图片来源:美联社)

【侨报综合讯】美国公民与移民服务局(USCIS)近日成立了一个新办公室,专门查处本应被遣返的移民改名换姓重新申请庇护或通过结婚获得绿卡、进而入籍的欺诈案件。由于以前指纹系统没有完全联网,有部分通过N400入籍的移民实际上并不具备归化资格。这些人将是该办公室的重点打击对象。

收紧移民执法最新举措

据美联社报道,内部监督机构2016年的一份报告指出,至少有30多万应该被遣返者的指纹记录没有上传,而很多人改名后入籍成了公民。USCIS设在洛杉矶的新办公室将把这些人都找出来,对他们提出起诉,以剥夺他们的公民身份(denaturalization)。

USCIS局长弗朗西斯·西斯纳(L. Francis Cissna)在一次采访中告诉美联社记者,他的机构正在雇用几名律师和移民官员,专门审查被怀疑使用假身份获得绿卡和公民身份的被下令驱逐出境的移民的案件。

西斯纳说,这些案件将被移交给联邦司法部,其律师可以在民事法院程序中设法消除涉案移民的公民权。在某些情况下,政府律师可以提出与欺诈有关的刑事指控。

西斯纳说,到目前为止,该机构一直在追查相关案件,但并没有协调一致的努力。他说,他希望该机构设在洛杉矶的新办公室能在明年运行,但调查案件和起诉可能需要更长的时间。

他拒绝透露这项努力将付出多少代价,只是说将由工程处现有的预算支付,那是由移民申请费资助的。

特朗普政府一直在严厉打击非法移民,并采取措施减少合法移民,USCIS的最新举措是该行动的一部分。

成为美国公民的移民可以投票,为陪审团服务,并获得安全许可。取消公民身份的情况非常少见。


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打击欺诈或殃及更多人

10年前,当一位边防官员发现大约两百人使用不同身份获得绿卡和公民身份后,联邦政府开始考虑可能出现的入籍欺诈案件。

2016年9月,一个内部监督机构报告说,已被驱逐出境或有犯罪前科的移民的31万5000份旧指纹记录未被上传到国土安全部用于检查移民身份的数据库。同一份报告还发现,有800多个移民被命令以一种身份驱逐出境,但后来却阴差阳错成了美国公民。

自那以后,USCIS一直在上传那些较早时期的指纹记录,并追溯到1990年代。调查人员一直在评估变更身份的案例。

今年1月,出生于印度的新泽西州男子辛格(Baljinder Singh)的美国公民身份被法官剥夺,他成了最近首个被反归化的移民。此前,联邦检察官指控他使用化名以避免被驱逐出境。

当局说,辛格在1991年抵达美国时使用了一个不同的名字,他被勒令在次年被驱逐出境,但是1个月后,他用这个名字和一个美国人结婚并申请庇护,得到绿卡并入籍。

USCIS说,辛格在申请公民身份时没有提到他早先收到的遣返令。

美联社的报道指出,许多年来,美国大部分剥夺移民的公民权的努力,主要集中在那些在移民文书上撒谎的战犯,尤其是前纳粹分子。

特朗普上台后,官员们开始审查来自指纹调查的案件,但优先考虑那些获得安全许可的入籍公民,例如交通安全方面工作。

纽约大学法学院移民政策研究所主任齐什提(Muzaffar Chishti)说,特朗普政府把这类调查列为更重要的优先事项。他说,他预计案件将集中在蓄意诈骗,但一些入籍的移民可能感到不安。

根据堪萨斯移民律师在这些案件中为移民辩护的统计数字,自1990年以来,司法部已经提交了305宗涉及归化的民事案件。

律师郝珀克(Matthew Hoppock)说,为了获得公民身份而撒谎的被驱逐者应该承担后果。但是,他担心在文书上犯错误的其他移民也可能成为打击目标,而他们可能没有钱在法庭上反击。

西斯纳说,移民可能被列入多个名字,这是有正当理由的,因为许多拉美移民都有一个以上的姓氏。他说,美国政府对这种微小的差异不感兴趣,但希望针对那些蓄意改变身份欺骗官员获得移民福利的人。

入籍造假 移民局决定严查 近日,联邦执法人员在东北部逮捕了90多个涉嫌犯罪的移民。(图片来源:美联社)


联邦在东北部扫荡非移 被捕者近八成犯重罪

联邦移民与海关执法局(ICE)周一透露,该机构上周在持续多日的执法行动中,在新泽西等地逮捕了近百人。

据PIX新闻和其它媒体报道,ICE下属机构遣返执法部地区办公室苏卡里(John Tsoukaris)称,在此次执法行动中被捕的91人中,约77%此前被刑事定罪或者因涉嫌杀人、性侵和洗钱等罪名被控。ICE的执法重点是被判重罪的人。

“我们的工作人员和执法伙伴此次的显著成果强调的是ICE对公共安全的持续承诺,”苏卡里说。“由于这些专业人员有针对性的努力,我们社区的犯罪分子减少了91人。”

被捕者的年龄从19岁到78岁不等,有些人将面临联邦刑事罪起诉,其他人可能被立即遣返。

“联邦海关与边防局(CBP)为协助此项行动感到非常自豪,”该局纽约办公室的副主任罗素(Frank Russo)说,“通过协作努力,执法机构可以打击非法行为,并逮捕对国土构成威胁的罪犯。”

这次被捕的非法移民来自喀麦隆、西班牙、哥伦比亚、海地、洪都拉斯、韩国、墨西哥、菲律宾等28个国家和地区。

在被捕者中,有1个男子是MS-13成员。此人是26岁的萨尔瓦多国民,身负国际刑警组织拘留令,曾被控贩运毒品和贩运枪支。

其他被捕者除多名帮派成员外,所犯罪行包括对未成年人的性侵犯、虐待儿童、持有毒品、分发毒品、洗钱,欺诈、家庭暴力、盗窃、拥有武器、重窃,严重殴打、严重殴打执法人员、拒捕、危害儿童福利、绑架、非法再次入境等。

ICE称,该机构每天在全国各地进行有针对性的执法行动。对于违反联邦移民法的其他嫌犯,会根据具体情况进行评估,并在适当情况下逮捕。






6/13/2018

NEW USCIS OFFICE AIMS TO STRIP U.S. CITIZENSHIP FROM NATURALIZED AMERICANS FOR LYING ON APPLICATION

BY NICOLE ROJAS

A new office for the Department of Homeland Security will be dedicated to stripping U.S. citizenship from naturalized Americans who are found to have lied about their immigration status on their applications. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services office in Los Angles will also deal with immigrants who have green card status.

“The new USCIS office in southern California will serve as a centralized location to review and refer appropriate cases to the Department of Justice for civil denaturalization where individuals who had been ordered removed and intentionally used multiple identities in order to defraud the government and the American people to obtain citizenship,” USCIS spokesman Michael Bars told Newsweek.

GettyImages-913417480Immigrants take the oath of allegiance to the United States at a naturalization ceremony on February 2 in New York City.JOHN MOORE/GETTY IMAGES

USCIS has started hiring dozens of lawyers and immigration officers to staff the new office, the Associated Press reported. “As a critical part of the USCIS mission, USCIS strives to combat instances of fraud, abuse and other nefarious activities threatening the integrity of our nation’s immigration system and its faithful execution under the rule of law,” Bars explained.

In January 2017, a pop-up office was established in Los Angles that took a look at potential denaturalization cases identified due to the enrollment of fingerprint records. Hundreds of thousands of fingerprints have been uploaded to the department’s registry, allowing USCIS to identify cases of naturalized citizens who may have committed identity fraud.

“Nobody who obtained U.S. citizenship by deliberately assuming a false identity will be surprised to learn they are being referred to the Justice Department for removal proceedings,” Bars told Newsweek. “USCIS screens for deliberate acts of fraud relating to the use of false identities.”




According to The Hill, any individual being investigated will be required to participate in an in-person interview with immigration officers. If the individual is determined to have intentionally committed fraud, then his or her case will be sent to the Justice Department.

“We finally have a process in place to get to the bottom of all these bad cases and start denaturalizing people who should not have been naturalized in the first place,” USCIS Director L. Francis Cissna told the AP. “What we’re looking at, when you boil it all down, it potentially a few thousand cases.”

Cissna maintained that the office would not go after individuals who have minor discrepancies in their applications, like Latin American immigrants who may have more than one surname. He said that the U.S. government is instead focused on targeting individuals who deliberately changed their identities to be granted immigration benefits.

The agency has identified 2,536 naturalization cases that require an in-depth review. Of those cases, 95 have been referred to the Department of Justice for civil denaturalization. These cases must be filed in federal district court as only judges are permitted to denaturalize citizens.

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