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防人口販賣冒名領童 無證移民家庭團聚須驗DNA




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7/06/2018


防人口販賣冒名領童 無證移民家庭團聚須驗DNA

(World Journal) 編譯劉煥彥


為了讓先前被拆散無證移民家庭的兒童與父母團聚,並確保這些孩子不會被人口販子冒名領走,聯邦政府將測試雙方的DNA以確定身分無誤。(Getty Images)為了讓先前被拆散無證移民家庭的兒童與父母團聚,並確保這些孩子不會被人口販子冒名領走,聯邦政府將測試雙方的DNA以確定身分無誤。(Getty Images)

衛生福利部5日證實,為了讓先前被拆散無證移民家庭的兒童與父母團聚,並確保這些孩子不會被人口販子冒名領走,聯邦政府將測試雙方的DNA以確定身分無誤。

但協助無證移民的法律團體與律師質疑,這些兒童不可能有同意官方做DNA測試的行為能力,而且如此將使政府能夠監控這些無證兒童一輩子。

上述未具名的聯邦官員說:「安全最重要,而且兒童被冒稱是其父母的人販賣或走私,其實並非不常見。就我們所知,只要在臉頰上一擦就可以測試,希望藉此加快確認父母身分,並確保這些兒童與真正的父母團聚。」

這名官員並未透露測試DNA的作法已經進行多久、是否需要無證移民或兒童的同意,或當局是否將測試結果儲存在資料庫。

為移民與難民提供法律援助的德州民間團體RAICES發言人法爾肯(Jennifer Falcon)認為,若政府這麼做是很糟糕的行為,因為這些兒童將終生被官方監控。

她說:「這進一步說明了政府辦事無能,又承認有罪惡感,並且證實了我們的想法,就是官方沒有好好登記這些父母與兒童的身分。」

法爾肯表示,他們從未聽說政府動用DNA測試的手段,也不支持這麼做。

另一名代表移民家庭的律師則透露,聯邦衛生福利部官員對無證移民的父母做深入訪談,詢問孩子出生地、身上是否有明顯特徵等資料。






6/07/2018


ICE授權地方 全面查緝無證客 全美20州、78地方執法機關加入

(World Journal) 編譯劉煥彥


國土安全部波士頓特警隊員在波士頓港演練登船檢查。(ICE發布)國土安全部波士頓特警隊員在波士頓港演練登船檢查。(ICE發布)
國土安全部波士頓特警隊員在波士頓港演練登船檢查。(ICE發布)國土安全部波士頓特警隊員在波士頓港演練登船檢查。(ICE發布)

川普政府在全美各地查緝無證移民的執法強度已逐漸升高,即使過去沒有犯罪紀錄,只要遇上任何違規,包括行人任意穿越馬路、無照駕駛,或甚至沒有社會安全號碼,一旦身分被警方查出是非法移民都會被逮捕,並面臨遣返。

哥倫比亞廣播公司新聞網(CBS News)報導,根據聯邦移民及海關執法局(ICE)的287(g)計畫,ICE已授權地方執法機關代表ICE查緝非法移民,目前全美已有20個州、78個地方執法機關加入該計畫。

2017年ICE透過該計畫已經遣返近6000名非法移民,其中來自喬治亞州谷內郡(Gwinnett county)就有653人,也高居全美各郡遣返人數之冠,谷內郡從2009年就加入上述計畫。

谷內郡警局的一名警員說:「我們不隨便遣送任何人的,在川普政府下,現在全都依據移民法規辦事。如果你任意穿越馬路,又被發現是非法移民,我們會把你交給ICE。」

谷內郡位於喬治亞州首府亞特蘭大的北部,CBS News造訪當地監獄。一名被捕的27歲西語裔無證移民羅培茲(Diaz Lopez)表示,他在開車去幫顧客修水電的路上被警方攔下,理由是車上乘客沒有繫安全帶,但他本人被警方以無照駕駛為由拘捕。

在美國已居住11年的羅培茲說:「我好害怕,我不想回到母國,我的家人都在這裡,太太又懷孕了,感覺好糟糕。」

谷內郡警局局長康威(Butch Conway)說:「如果你在一個國家非法居留,至少可以做到的就是遵守這個國家的法律,如果還想(無照)開車,風險自己承擔。」

另一起發生在紐約的無證移民被捕案例,是一名來自厄瓜多的披薩外送員維拉維辛西奧(Pablo Villavicencio)1日送披薩至布碌崙南區的軍營漢米爾頓堡(Fort Hamilton),於查驗身分時被發現2010年就被法官下令遣返,因此被軍方通知ICE抓人。

維拉維辛西奧在監獄受訪時說:「我以前就到過那裡,一直都可以進去,門口中士也認識我。上周五換了新的警衛,要我拿放行條才能進去,我就照做。問了一堆問題,還問我為何沒有社安卡。」他表示,軍方先聯絡紐約市警局,發現他沒有犯罪紀錄後,又連絡ICE把他扣留了。

國土安全部探員5月份在費城加強掃蕩無證移民。(ICE發布)國土安全部探員5月份在費城加強掃蕩無證移民。(ICE發布)
國土安全部探員5月份在全美加強掃蕩無證移民。(ICE發布)國土安全部探員5月份在全美加強掃蕩無證移民。(ICE發布)
紐約州警方配合國土安全部探員在長島逮捕一名MS-13成員。(Getty Images)紐約州警方配合國土安全部探員在長島逮捕一名MS-13成員。(Getty Images)
國土安全部探員5月份在芝加哥加強掃蕩無證移民。(ICE發布)國土安全部探員5月份在芝加哥加強掃蕩無證移民。(ICE發布)






4/17/2018


ICE arrests 225 during Operation Keep Safe in New York


ICE紐約六日大行動,再捕225名無證移民。(ICE提供)

NEW YORK – Officers from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's (ICE) Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO) arrested 225 during a 6-day period, ending Apr. 14 in New York City, Long Island and the Hudson Valley.

During the operation, ICE’s ERO arrested 225 individuals for violating U.S. immigration laws. Of those arrested, more than 180 were convicted criminals or had criminal charges pending, more than 80 had been issued a final order of removal and failed to depart the United States, or had been previously removed from the United States and returned illegally. Several had prior felony convictions for serious or violent offenses, such as child sex crimes, weapons charges, and assault, or had past convictions for significant or multiple misdemeanors.

"ICE continues to face significant obstacles with policies created by local officials which hinder cooperation between ICE and local law enforcement. Yet, with the tireless efforts of the men and women of ICE, this operation was a great success," said Thomas R. Decker, field office director for ERO New York.  "The fact is that a so-called "sanctuary city" does not only provide refuge to those who are here against immigration law, but also provides protections for criminal aliens who prey on the people in their own communities by committing crimes at all levels.  ICE is committed to enforcing the immigration laws set forth by Congress with integrity, despite the push-back and rhetoric within the city they serve."

Arrests include:

  • In East Elmhurst, a 56 year-old Haitian national, who has convictions of Manslaughter 2nd Degree, Tampering with Physical Evidence, and Criminal Possession of a Weapon 4th degree, and sentenced to 4-12 years in prison;
  • In Brentwood, a 35 year-old, Guatemalan national, previously removed from the U.S. on five separate occasions, who has convictions of DWI, Aggravated Unlicensed Operation of a Motor vehicle, and Illegal Reentry after Removal;
  • In Brooklyn, a 39 year-old Jamaican national, and registered sexual offender, who has convictions ofCriminal Possession of a Loaded Firearm 3rd degree (2 counts), and Attempted Rape 1st degree. The victim, a child under the age of 13;
  • In Manhattan, a 38 year-old Romanian national, and lifetime registered sexual offender, who has convictions of Possessing Sexual Performance by a Child, and sentenced to 10 years of probation supervision;
  • In Manhattan, a 36 year-old Dominican national, wanted in his home country for charges of Homicide, Administrative Corruption, and Accepting Bribes;
  • In Brooklyn, a 39 year-old Ghanaian national, and registered sexual offender, who has convictions of Sexual Abuse 3rd degree and Attempted Forcible Touching in 2012 , and again of Sexual Abuse 3rd degree and Attempted Forcible Touching in 2017; 
  • In Brooklyn, a 31 year-old Mexican national, who has convictions of Rape 2nd (Intercourse with person less than 15 years old), and Tampering with Witness;
  • In Hempstead, a 40 year-old previously removed Salvadoran national, who has convictions of Assault,Burglary of a Vehicle, Attempted Forcible Touching, Criminal Possession of a Controlled Substance, Driving Without a License, DUI, Failure to Identify as a Fugitive from Justice, and Sexual Abuse;
  • In the Bronx, a 58 year-old, twice removed Trinidadian national, released from NYPD custody with an active detainer, who has convictions of  Conspiracy to Produce Identification Documents, Criminal Possession of a Controlled Substance, Forgery, Fraud, Interstate Transportation of Stolen Property, and Possession of Stolen Property, and False Statement on a U.S. Passport Application;
  • In Jamaica, a 57 year-old Jamaican national, who has convictions of  Sexual Abuse 1st degree: Contact w/ person Less than 14 Years Old;
  • In Manhattan, a 38 year-old previously removed Dominican national, released from NYPD custody with an active detainer, who has convictions of Attempted Criminal Possession of Weapon, Criminal Possession Controlled Substance, Identity Theft, and Grand Larceny, and Stalking;
  • In the Bronx, a 33 year-old Dominican national, who has convictions of Criminal Possession of a Weapon - Loaded Firearm, Robbery 1st degree, Forcible Theft with a Deadly Weapon (2 counts), for which he was sentenced to 6 years in prison and 5 years of parole supervision;
  • In Brooklyn, a 32 year-old Ecuadorian national, and registered sexual offender, who has convictions of Rape 2nd degree, who was sentenced to 4 years in prison victim, a child under the age of 13;

Criminal histories of those arrested during the operation are as follows: aggravated DWI, Assault 2nd, criminal trespass 2nd, driving while ability impaired, and driving while intoxicated.

The arrestees include nationals from Albania, Antigua, Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kosovo, Maldives, Mexico, Mongolia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Tajikistan, Trinidad, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Venezuela. ERO deportation officers made arrests throughout New York City, the Hudson Valley, and Long Island, specifically in the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, Staten Island, Suffolk County, Nassau County,  Westchester County, Orange County, Dutchess County, and Rockland County.

ICE focuses its enforcement resources on individuals who pose a threat to national security, public safety and border security. However, ICE no longer exempts classes or categories of removable aliens from potential enforcement. All of those in violation of immigration laws may be subject to immigration arrest, detention and, if found removable by final order, removal from the United States.

Some of the individuals arrested during this operation will face federal criminal prosecutions for illegal entry and illegal re-entry after deportation. The arrestees who are not being federally prosecuted will be processed administratively for removal from the United States. Those who have outstanding orders of deportation, or who returned to the United States illegally after being deported, are subject to immediate removal from the country. The remaining individuals are in ICE custody awaiting a hearing before an immigration judge, or pending travel arrangements for removal in the near future. 

More than 60 individuals arrested during this operation were previously released from local law enforcement on an active detainer. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) places detainers on individuals who have been arrested on local criminal charges and who are suspected of being deportable, so that ICE can take custody of that person when he or she is released from local custody. When law enforcement agencies fail to honor immigration detainers and release serious criminal offenders onto the streets, it undermines ICE’s ability to protect public safety and carry out its mission.

In years past, most of these individuals would have been turned over to ICE by local authorities upon their release from jail based on ICE detainers. Now that many sanctuary cities, including New York City, do not honor ICE detainers, these individuals, who often have significant criminal histories, are released onto the street, presenting a potential public safety threat.

ICE has no choice but to continue to conduct at-large arrests in local neighborhoods and at worksites, which will inevitably result in additional collateral arrests, instead of focusing on arrests at jails and prisons where transfers are safer for ICE officers and the community.

Ultimately, efforts by local NYC politicians have shielded removable criminal aliens from immigration enforcement and created another magnet for more illegal immigration, all at the expense of the safety and security of the very people it purports to protect.

Despite the severe challenges that local policies have created for ICE, we remain committed to our public safety mission and we will continue to do our sworn duty to seek out dangerous criminal aliens and other immigration violators. ICE seeks straightforward cooperation with all local law enforcement and elected officials.

ICE deportation officers carry out targeted enforcement operations every day in locations around the country as part of the agency’s ongoing efforts to protect the nation, uphold public safety, and protect the integrity of our immigration laws and border controls. These operations involve existing, established Fugitive Operations Teams.


Source: https://www.ice.gov/news/releases/ice-arrests-225-during-operation-keep-safe-new-york




3/21/2018


因市长“报信”逃脱 3名加州非法移民罪犯被捕

据美国移民和海关执法局的官员称,在上个月的清扫行动中,因加州奥克兰市市长“报信”侥幸逃脱的3名非法移民罪犯已被缉拿归案。

据报道,上个月,在执法局突袭北加州前,奥克兰市长沙夫在社交网站上发布了一条预警信息,让执法局的官员和美政府大为恼火。在那场为期4天的清扫突袭中,执法局逮捕了232名非法移民,其中许多人都有前科。但执法局官员表示,由于沙夫报信,有几百人逃脱。20日,执法局官员表示,当时未能在清扫行动中落网的3名罪犯,现已被缉拿归案。

报道称,这3人都为墨西哥裔移民。其中一人因抢劫和持枪犯罪被捕;另一名非法移民因酒驾被捕,有非法监禁、酒驾和殴打配偶前科的这名男子曾先后3次遭到驱逐;第三名非法移民因对配偶造成身体伤害被捕,之前他曾被驱逐过2次,所犯罪名有持有毒品、肇事逃逸、酒驾、持有麻醉设备以及违法假释规定。

20日,美国执法局代理局长霍曼在白宫探讨避难城市的圆桌会议上,提到了这3个案子,并对避难州政客们传达出的复杂信息表示了沮丧。“我们一方面被告知要集中力量打击罪犯,但那些想要打击罪犯的人,却不让我们进入该县监狱当中。”霍曼说,这违反逻辑。

尽管霍曼谴责了沙夫“报信”的行为,认为有800多名非法移民因此逃脱。不过,国土安全部的一名官员称,在清扫行动中,执法局一般只能抓捕到目标清单中30%的人,这就意味着不论在哪种情况下,许多人都会逃脱。

据悉,美司法部正在就避难城市政策起诉加州,并表示他们将审议沙夫的行为。目前,司法部暂未发布任何声明。






12/25/2017


2017年各国移民政策多变 对华人有何影响?

01、新西兰:创业移民拒签率增高

如今,不少华人都通过申请新西兰创业移民工签去新西兰。此类签证针对想在新西兰做生意的创业者,他们需要先申请创业移民工签,在新西兰生意满2年后,再申请创业移民的居民签证。

新西兰移民局近日在移民顾问年终会上透露,创业移民的工签拒签率目前已达80%,

创业移民其后申请居民签的拒签率为50%。

照此推算,80%的工签拒签率意味着每10个创业移民申请人中,仅有2个可以拿到工签,而创业后的居民签证拒签率为50%,意味着这2个人只有1个人能够拿到居民签证。这也就是说,每10人申请创业移民,只有1人能够成功。

根据2016年数据,在新西兰的创业移民工签申请中,中国籍占比70%,美国和英国办理此类签证的均不到6%。可以说对中国人影响最大。

如果不是做能出口新西兰产品的、高成长的、高科技的或者能明显增加本地就业的、对新西兰贡献明显的产业,基本上很难批。

新西兰移民条件、创业移民计划、以及对新西兰的贡献等多种因素,不断引发华人担忧。如果准备不充分,拒签失败率就会很高。

02、澳大利亚:废除457工作签证

澳大利亚政府今年宣布废除457雇主担保类移民签证。457签证是澳大利亚政府为澳洲企业从海外引进各类专业人士和技术人才而设立的一种临时工作签证。可办理的457签证的工种多达400多个,包括各类经理,专业人才和技工等。

签证有效期为3个月至4年不等,雇员在澳洲工作满2年后可以申请雇主担保移民。由于457签证对英语的要求不高,对于英语水平不是很好的申请者来说,457签证一直被认为是进入澳大利亚工作的小捷径。

在过去20年里,每年获得457签证的人数最高超过12万。在457签证持有者中,印度人最多占近1/4,其次为英国人占19.5%,第三位的是中国人占5.8%。

废除457签证后,澳大利亚政府宣布用新的临时技术短缺签证TSS签证作为替代。

TSS签证

⊙上调对英语能力的要求,申请人必须参加独立的英语测试,未达标者无法通过申请。

⊙无犯罪记录证明

⊙引入了无歧视劳动力测试,确保澳大利亚的雇主是因为客观原因必须从国外引进专业技术人才。

⊙签证申请者的薪水必须符合市场薪水的要求

⊙削减职业列表中数百个经批准的技术职业种类

有华人表示,家人最近在准备澳大利亚移民签证,程序更加繁琐,审核也格外严格。

03、德国:打分制提高移民门槛

德国今年通过一项新的移民法案,即“打分制”,对移民政策收紧。根据德国的需求,通过设定一系列筛选条件,吸引高素质的非欧盟国家人才移民德国。

打分制不仅对申请人的年龄、学历、工作经验、语言水平、融入能力均有要求;还对所有申请人据分数进行排名,并根据国家需求进行排队候选。

欧盟国家以外的移民若想获得移民资格,必须要在以下五项条件中获得最低不少于65分的评分,满分100,最低65:

学历(最高可得35分)

就业岗位的供应(比如收到德国公司的聘用,最高可得25分)

社会融入能力(最高可得15分)

语言能力(德语或英语,最高可得15分)

年龄(最高可得10分)

04、匈牙利:国债移民项目关停

匈牙利国债移民项目2017年3月31日停止发售。

为了缓解匈牙利国家债务危机,匈牙利国债投资移民项目于2013年启动,投资方式包括:

30万欧元全款投资

13.5万欧元融资

15万欧元融资(融资方式不设返款)

凭借无居住时间要求、申请门槛低、投资额要求低等诸多优势,此项目成为欧洲热门的高性价比移民项目之一。但其实,匈牙利国债移民申请配额在逐年减少:

2013年——1000个家庭配额

2014年——2000个家庭配额

2015年——1700个家庭配额

2016年——1500个家庭配额

2017年1季度——1000个家庭配额

05、美国:不断收紧移民政策

美国总统特朗普上任后,通过一系列措施,不断收紧移民以及签证事项。

⊙严格审核签证申请

⊙收紧H-1B签证计划

⊙宣布支持“改革美国移民制度强化就业”草案

⊙收紧合法移民数量

⊙扩大签证申请面谈范围

⊙打击逾期滞留

在美国旧金山生活的华人表示,美国签证以及移民政策的不断改变,不可变量增多,需要考虑更多因素,对于华侨华人社团发展、成长、扩大、更新换代都会产生影响。

H-1B签证是美国面向高技术外籍人才发放的签证,也是美国最主要的工作签证类别,采取抽签制度发放,最初目的是满足国内企业对高技术人才的需求。目前美国每年共发放约8.5万份H-1B签证。

据《华尔街日报》报道,特朗普政府加强对H-1B工作签证申请人的审查。根据美国公民及移民服务局的调查数据显示,2017年1月至8月期间,每4件申请案超过一件被驳回,要求申请人“提供进一步证明”。

据美国移民局发言人称,签证审查的缩紧是为了防止诈欺及签证滥用。美国移民局专注于谨慎和公平的裁决确保移民体系的完整性,同时保护美国工人的利益。

多国的移民签证申请都会呈逐渐收紧趋势,制度会更加规范,程序也会逐渐增加。相应地,移民接收门槛会越来越高。













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HAN, Liu, CPA | 韩柳
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