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「國際企業家規定」也將取消 移民美國之門再關一扇




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5/25/2018

「國際企業家規定」也將取消 移民之門再關一扇

(World Journal) 編譯孫梁

川普政府25日宣布,將取消歐巴馬時代為吸引外國企業家而制定的外國投資移民計畫,國土安全部聲明說,前朝政府的「國際企業家規定」(IE Final Rule),使外國企業家可不經過正常的移民渠道而來到美國,僭越了政府的公權力。

國安部表示,他們建議取消「國際企業家規定」,是因為這一計畫濫用政府特赦的公權力,對美國工人和投資人的保護不夠,也不是吸引和留住外國企業家的恰當方式。

國安部指出,美國已經為外國富豪提供了來美投資的渠道,如EB-5簽證,只要在美國投資50萬元以上,就可獲得綠卡和最終成為公民。

根據歐巴馬政府的「國際企業家計畫」,國安部可以特殊人道和符合公眾利益為由,特准部分人來美,並發給他們工作許可。歐巴馬政府認為,外國企業家應包括在內,但他們要證明自己能引來投資。

但「國際企業家計畫」的投資門檻定得很低,只要企業25萬元註冊資本的十分之一就符合條件,若是創新公司,投資人至少需創造五個就業,但他們不能在美調整為永久居民身份。

川普政府認為,政府對特赦不能分大類批准,而應是個案處理。國安部去年7月延後執行該計畫,但聯邦法官去年12月下令恢復執行,認為川普政府的決定不符合「行政程序法」。

許多法院是根據「行政程序法」而封殺川普政府取消DACA計畫,法官指出,歐巴馬的DACA計畫沒有遵守「行政程序法」,但川普總統取消DACA計畫則必須遵守。

如果「國際企業家計畫」最終被取消,將是對歐巴馬旨在改變美國移民政策的一系列行政令的又一打擊。國安部表示,DACA計畫使夢想生合法留在美國,「國際企業家計畫」的性質與DACA相同。

原文链接>>




5/25/2018

DHS Proposes to Remove the International Entrepreneur Rule

WASHINGTON – The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is proposing a rule to end a program that allows certain foreign entrepreneurs to be considered for parole to temporarily come to the United States to develop and build start-up businesses here, known as the International Entrepreneur Rule (IE Final Rule). 

 In July 2017, DHS published a final rule to delay the implementation date of the IE Final Rule to March 14, 2018, to give the Department time to draft a rescission of the IE Final Rule. However, in December 2017, a federal court vacated the delay rule, requiring USCIS to begin accepting international entrepreneur parole applications consistent with the IE Final Rule. 

DHS is now proposing to eliminate the IE Final Rule because the department believes that it represents an overly broad interpretation of parole authority, lacks sufficient protections for U.S. workers and investors, and is not the appropriate vehicle for attracting and retaining international entrepreneurs. 

By statute, DHS has discretionary authority to parole individuals into the United States temporarily, on a case-by-case basis, for urgent humanitarian reasons or significant public benefit. After reviewing DHS parole programs in accordance with the Executive Order titled Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements, issued on Jan. 25, 2017, DHS is proposing to remove regulations published as part of the IE Final Rule. DHS concluded that the IE Final Rule created a complex and highly-structured program that was best established by the legislative process rather than relying on an unorthodox use of the Secretary’s authority to “temporarily” parole, in a categorical way, aliens based on “significant public benefit”.

The Immigration and Nationality Act already provides for visa classifications that enable certain entrepreneurs to start businesses and work in the United States, such as the E-2 nonimmigrant classification and the EB-5 immigrant classification. DHS is committed to reviewing all existing employment-based immigrant and nonimmigrant visa programs to ensure program integrity and protect the interests of U.S. investors and workers.

For more information on USCIS and its programs, please visit uscis.gov or follow us on Twitter (@uscis), Instagram (/uscis), YouTube (/uscis), and Facebook (/uscis).









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