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大搜捕開始 示威者攻擊ICE大樓 卸下美國旗 升上墨國旗


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7/14/2019

大搜捕開始 示威者攻擊ICE大樓 卸下美國旗 升上墨國旗

(World Journal) 編譯盧炯燊


示威者在科羅拉多移民及海關執法局前面,降下美國國旗,換上墨西哥國旗。(推特)

聯邦政府開始在全國主要城市搜捕無證移民,除了引起恐慌外,部分地方更爆發示威衝突;在科羅拉多州丹佛市郊區奧羅拉(Aurora),示威者12日將聯邦移民及海關執法局(ICE)辦公室樓頂的美國國旗降下,升起墨西哥國旗以示抗議,不過ICE已於當天晚上重新升上國旗。

當地媒體報導,抗議期間,示威者亦把一面紀念「「執法人員的命也是命」(Blue Lives Matter)的旗幟移走,又噴上「廢除ICE」的字句,然後將旗幟倒掛在墨西哥國旗旁邊的一根柱子上。

據丹佛地區福斯(FOX)電視台報導,數百名抗議者聚集在奧羅拉拘禁無證移民的聯邦設施外,抗議當局計畫在星期日開始,在包括丹佛在內的主要城市搜捕無證移民。

奧羅拉警察局局長梅茨(Nick Metz )表示,大多數抗議者保持和平,有些人甚至感謝警方。

此次抗議是「自由之光」(#LightsForLiberty)活動的一部分,也被稱為「為關閉集中營遊行」(March to Close Concentration Camps),目的是要求關閉美墨邊境的的拘留中心,准許所有被拘禁在內的無證移民進入美國。

示威者表示,他們的抗議遊行,也是反對被拘禁的無證移民遭到非人對待。

除了奧羅拉外,加州聖地牙哥、費城及紐約市等多個城市當天亦有遊行抗議行動,目標都是當地的ICE辦公室,但沒有如奧羅拉般激烈。


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7/08/2019

鎖定100萬無證客 ICE開始逮捕和遣返


(World Journal) 編譯孫梁



代理ICE局長摩根表示,驅逐遣送重刑前科的無證移民即將開始。(Getty Images)


聯邦移民單位即將展開遞解有重大前科的無證移民出境。(美聯社)


川普政府的一位移民高官7日表示,移民及海關執法局(ICE)已做好準備,將開始逮捕和最終遣返100萬名背負遞解令的無證移民。

公民及移民服務局(USCIS)代局長古辛納利(Ken Cuccinelli)說,在背負遣返令的移民中哪些人將成為執法行動的重點目標,完全由ICE決定;他的言下之意是,100萬移民不可能全被遣返。

但古辛納利表示,被遣返的無證移民都將經過正當程序,然後執行遣返。ICE目前已掌握確切資料,要對哪些人展開執法行動,最終被遣返的人數將非常龐大。

川普總統曾宣布要大規模逮捕和遣返無證移民,但後來決定推遲,表示國會如果不改革移民庇護體系,他將展開大規模遣返。

兩黨分別執政時的移民改革計畫均以失敗告終,國會兩院目前沒有可獲兩黨支持的改革法案,尤其是在川普設下的期限內。川普5日警告說,大規模的逮捕和遣返即將展開。

ICE試圖通過大規模的遣返,來嚇阻中美洲移民繼續湧入美國,決定將在主要城市逮捕和遣返接到法官遣返令的移民家庭。

但川普宣布逮捕和遣返100萬無證移民的目標被認為無法實現,因為ICE的資源和人力不足。ICE去年遣返25萬多人,為歐巴馬政府2012年遣返41萬人以來最多。

大規模遣返不但影響到無證移民,而且還將造成家庭分裂,影響到已是公民的家人,勢將引起民眾的強烈反彈。

古辛納利表示,ICE遣返無證移民的行動是受到華府的政治干擾而停下,但他說,民眾如果看到ICE逮捕和遣返無證移民不應感到驚訝,因為ICE只是履行自己的職責。

古辛納利在談到2020年人口普查中問公民身分的問題時表示,他認為應當問,川普總統已經表明他做出了決定。

古辛納利說,聯邦最高法院的裁決未說不能問公民身分,而是不贊成把公民身分列入普查問卷的過程,因此川普要對列入過程進行修補,以使公民身分問題可列入問卷。高院上月的裁決指出,川普政府對加問公民身分的理由陳述不足。





7/01/2019

ICE releases FY19 second quarter enforcement data


Statement attributable to Nathalie R. Asher (ICE Executive Associate Director) – The enforcement statistics from January-March 2019 illustrate that U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement is committed to arresting and removing unlawfully present aliens, with criminal histories, who threaten public safety and endanger immigrant communities. During this time period, more than 85 percent of aliens arrested by ICE Enforcement and Removal Operations officers, and more than 91 percent of aliens removed from the interior of the United States, had received criminal convictions or pending criminal charges.

The situation at the border continues to impact interior enforcement, with ERO personnel routinely detailed to support the processing and detention of arriving aliens. Administrative arrests of criminal aliens over the first two quarters of FY19 are down 14 percent versus the same time period in FY18. And, ICE removals stemming from U.S. Customs and Border Protection apprehensions have increased 10 percent in the first two quarters of FY19 over FY18. The agency is dedicated to using its authorities to enforce U.S. immigration laws, and ICE officers will continue to conduct enforcement humanely, respectfully and with professionalism.


ICE Removals by Arresting Agency: FY2019 Q2 (01/01/2019 - 03/31/2019)
Arresting AgencyConvicted CriminalPending Criminal ChargesOther Immigration ViolatorTotal
Total34,9606,02422,55663,540
CBP19,2812,51220,70842,501
ICE15,6793,5121,84821,039

Editor's Note: The arrest and removal statistics provided in this announcement include preliminary data. Official numbers can vary slightly from preliminary data depending on when statistics are reported and collectedEnforcement data is not considered final and static until the end of the fiscal year.







4/29/2019

ICE shifts resources to address crisis at Southwest border

ICE HSI stepping up investigations into fraudulent family units seeking illegal entry into the US

WASHINGTON, DC –U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is reallocating resources to the Southwest border to investigate human smuggling operations and the use of fraudulent documents to create fake families seeking to exploit U.S. immigration laws. 

This fraud may include the use of forged birth certificates or other fraudulent documents to establish parentage. Forged or other fraudulent documents are also being used by adult illegal aliens to falsely claim they are minors under the age of 18. By fraudulently entering as a family unit or unaccompanied minor, illegal aliens can exploit loopholes in immigration laws to enter the U.S. and avoid detention. 

“ICE Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) is redirecting resources to the border in response to cases of fake families using forged documents to illegally enter our country and avoid detention. Our highly-skilled teams are working to stop individuals, networks and organizations facilitating child smuggling and document fraud,” said ICE Acting Director Matthew Albence. “ICE along with our partners at CBP, remain committed to protecting children by ensuring they are not used as pawns by individuals attempting to gain entry to the U.S. through fraud.”



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During the week of April 16, HSI deployed three teams to support U.S. Customs and Border Protection interdiction efforts in El Paso, Texas, and Las Cruces, New Mexico. During the week of April 22, ICE Homeland Security Investigations HSI deployed three additional teams to Eagle Pass and Harlingen, Texas; Yuma, Arizona; and El Centro and San Diego, CA.  The teams were chosen for their human smuggling and trafficking expertise and include criminal analysts, interpreters, document analysts, forensic interview specialists and victim assistance specialists. 

ICE is committed to ensure child safety and welfare and to decrease the number of minors being exploited to gain access into the United States. ICE HSI has unique expertise and authorities to investigate potentially fraudulent claims of familial relationships and to identify and dismantle the criminal smuggling operations profiting from the surge at the border.

Throughout April, HSI special agents have conducted about 100 family unit interviews and have found evidence of fraud in more than a quarter of cases.


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On April 22, HSI special agents identified two suspect family units presenting as two fathers with their sons. The four individuals, two of whom were discovered to be 23-year-old men pretending to be minors, are being prosecuted for visa fraud and making false statements.

On April 18, an adult Honduran man presented a false birth certificate for a 7-year-old child traveling with him. During an interview, the adult admitted that he was completely unrelated to the child. The man was prosecuted for illegal entry and the child was turned over to the Office of Refugee Resettlement as an unaccompanied minor, according to procedures required in the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA).

Additionally, ICE Enforcement and Removal Operations has temporarily shifted approximately 330 deportation officers to areas at or near the border or to areas within the U.S. most deeply impacted by the unprecedented surge being encountered at the Southwest border.







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DHS Issues Waiver to Expedite Border Wall Projects in Yuma & El Paso

Release Date: 
April 26, 2019

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued two waivers, which will ensure expeditious construction of new bollard wall within the U.S. Border Patrol’s Yuma and El Paso sectors in Arizona and Texas. The projects covered by the waivers include up to approximately 53 miles of new bollard wall in place of dilapidated and outdated designs, in addition to, road construction and improvement and lighting installation. The waivers were published in the Federal Register on April 24, 2019.

To support DHS’s actions under Section 102 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, as amended (IIRIRA), DHS requested that the Department of Defense (DoD), pursuant to its authority under 10 U.S.C. § 284(b)(7), assist with the construction of fences, roads, and lighting within specified locations of the border in order to block drug-smuggling corridors across the international boundary between the United States and Mexico. The Acting Secretary of Defense determined that the projects covered by these waivers meet the statutory requirements of 10 U.S.C. § 284(b)(7). As such, these projects will be funded by appropriations available to DoD.

DoD, in close coordination with DHS/Customs and Border Protection (CBP), will plan and execute these projects in coordination with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). USACE awarded the contracts for these projects on April 9, 2019. The Yuma projects were awarded to Barnard Construction Co. Inc. for approximately $187 million and the El Paso project was awarded to SLSCO Ltd. in the amount of $789 million.


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These waivers are pursuant to authority granted to the Secretary of Homeland Security by Congress and cover a variety of environmental, natural resource, and land management laws.  Congress provided the Secretary of Homeland Security with a number of authorities necessary to carry out DHS’s border security mission.  Section 102(a) of IIRIRA provides that the Secretary of Homeland Security shall take such actions as may be necessary to install additional physical barriers and roads in the vicinity of the United States border to deter illegal crossings in areas of high illegal entry into the United States.  In section 102(b) of IIRIRA, Congress mandated the installation of additional fencing, barriers, roads, lighting, cameras, and sensors on the southwest border.  Finally, in section 102(c) of IIRIRA, Congress granted to the Secretary of Homeland Security the authority to waive all legal requirements that the Secretary, in Secretary’s sole discretion, determines necessary to ensure the expeditious construction of the barriers and roads authorized by section 102 of IIRIRA. 

The geographic scope of the Yuma waiver covers the areas defined below. These projects will total approximately 7 miles of bollard wall within these areas.

  1. Starting at the Morelos Dam and extending south and generally following the Colorado River for approximately five and one-half (5.5) miles.
  2. Starting two and one-half (2.5) miles east of Border Monument 198 and extending east to Border Monument 197. 

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The geographic scope of the El Paso waiver covers the areas defined below. These projects will total up to approximately 46 miles of bollard wall within these areas:

  1. Starting at Border Monument 31 and extending east to Border Monument 23.
  2. Starting at approximately one (1) mile west of Border Monument 20 and extending east to Border Monument 9. 

While the waivers eliminate DHS’s obligation to comply with various laws with respect to covered projects, DHS remains committed to environmental stewardship. DHS has been coordinating and consulting, and intends to continue doing so, with other federal and state resource agencies to ensure that impacts to the environment, wildlife, and cultural and historic artifacts are analyzed and minimized, to the greatest extent possible.

The Yuma & El Paso Sectors are areas of high illegal entry and are experiencing large numbers of individuals and narcotics being smuggled into the country illegally. The construction of border infrastructure within these project areas will support DHS’s ability to impede and deny illegal border crossings and the drug and human smuggling activities of transnational criminal organizations. 

The Department of Homeland Security continues to implement President Trump’s Executive Order 13767 – also known as Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements – and continues to take steps to immediately plan, design, and construct a physical wall along the southern border, using appropriate materials and technology to most effectively achieve complete operational control of the southern border.

Source: https://www.dhs.gov/news/2019/04/26/dhs-issues-waiver-expedite-border-wall-projects-yuma-el-paso







DHS Issues Waiver to Expedite Replacing Existing Border Wall in Arizona

Release Date: 
April 26, 2019

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has issued a waiver, which will ensure expeditious construction of new bollard wall that will replace approximately 26 miles of existing primary pedestrian wall near the international border in the state of Arizona within U.S. Border Patrol’s (USBP) Yuma Sector.

The waiver was published in the Federal Register on April 24, 2019, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), in partnership with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), will begin construction as early as April 24, 2019.

The approximately 26 mile fence replacement project covered by this waiver is funded by CBP’s Fiscal Year 2018 (FY18) Appropriation. It is not a project undertaken pursuant to the National Emergency Declaration, 10 U.S.C § 284, 10 U.S.C. § 2808, nor does it draw from any other source of funding, including appropriations available to the Department of Defense (DoD). Approximately 4 of the 26 miles for this project were originally included in DHS’s February 25, 2019, Request for Assistance to DoD, which requested DoD’s assistance in constructing fences, roads, and lighting pursuant to DoD’s authority under 10 U.S.C § 284(b)(7). However, DHS recently amended the Request for Assistance to remove those four miles from inclusion in DoD’s border barrier projects under 10 U.S.C. § 284(b)(7). As such, these miles will be constructed as part of the project covered by this waiver and will be funded by CBP’s FY18 Appropriation. 

This waiver is pursuant to authority granted to the Secretary of Homeland Security by Congress and covers a variety of environmental, natural resource, and land management laws. Congress provided the Secretary of Homeland Security with a number of authorities necessary to carry out DHS’s border security mission.  One of these authorities is found at section 102 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, as amended (“IIRIRA”). Section 102(a) of IIRIRA provides that the Secretary of Homeland Security shall take such actions as may be necessary to install additional physical barriers and roads in the vicinity of the United States border to deter illegal crossings in areas of high illegal entry into the United States. 

In section 102(b) of IIRIRA, Congress mandated the installation of additional fencing, barriers, roads, lighting, cameras, and sensors on the southwest border. Finally, in section 102(c) of IIRIRA, Congress granted to the Secretary of Homeland Security the authority to waive all legal requirements that the Secretary, in Secretary’s sole discretion, determines necessary to ensure the expeditious construction of the barriers and roads authorized by section 102 of IIRIRA. 

The geographic scope of this waiver covers the two areas defined below. This project will replace a total of approximately 26 miles of existing primary pedestrian wall located within these areas.

  1. Starting west of the intersection of County 21 ½ Street and West Main Canal Road extending south and generally following the Colorado River approximately one and six tenths (1.6) miles to the point where the Colorado River crosses the international border between the United States and Mexico.
  2. Starting approximately one mile west of the San Luis, Arizona Land Port of Entry and extending east to approximately two and one half (2.5) miles east of Border Monument 198.    

While the waiver eliminates DHS’ obligation to comply with various laws with respect to covered projects, DHS remains committed to environmental stewardship. DHS has been coordinating and consulting, and intends to continue doing so, with other federal and state resource agencies to ensure that impacts to the environment, wildlife, and cultural and historic artifacts are analyzed and minimized, to the extent possible.

The primary pedestrian replacement wall in Arizona will improve the Yuma Sector’s ability to impede and deny illegal border crossings and the drug and human smuggling activities of transnational criminal organizations. 

The Department of Homeland Security continues to implement President Trump’s Executive Order 13767 - also known as Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements – and continues to take steps to immediately plan, design, and construct a physical wall along the southern border, using appropriate materials and technology to most effectively achieve complete operational control of the southern border.












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