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川普雙喜臨門 搞定美墨邊境預算與瓜國讓步


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7/27/2019

川普雙喜臨門 搞定美墨邊境預算與瓜國讓步

(World Journal) 記者黃嘉洵



最高法院裁定川普可用軍事預算築美墨邊境牆,瓜地馬拉也同意簽署「安全第三國」(safethird country)協議,作為難民移美的緩衝區。美聯社

總統川普26日雙喜臨門,最高法院裁定川普可用軍事預算築美墨邊境牆,同日瓜地馬拉簽署「安全第三國」(safe third-country)協議,同意作為難民移美的緩衝區。

華爾街日報報導,美國最高法院以五比四票數推翻下級法院的裁決,准許川普挪用25億美元軍事預算,建造一道100英里的美墨邊境牆,以遏阻非法移民。川普曾在2月宣布國家進入緊急狀態,藉此挪用67億美元國會已批准其他用途的資金,遭下級法院駁回。

川普在推特上說:「這是築牆的『大好消息』,美國最高法院扭轉下級法院的裁決,讓南部邊境牆得以續建,這是邊境安全和法律的大勝利。」

另一份捷報則來自瓜地馬拉,在川普政府的施壓下,瓜國當局同意讓移民先在當地申請庇護,而非直接前往美國。


Trump talks Safe Third agreement with Guatemala, French wine tax

Fox Business

Published on Jul 26, 2019


川普與瓜地馬拉內政部長戴更哈特(Enrique Degenhart)和美國代理國土安全部部長麥克利南(Kevin McAleenan)26日在白宮橢圓形辦公室簽署安全第三國協議。麥克利南表示,有意前往美國的移民可以先在瓜國尋求庇護,如果他們逕自忽視這項權益,美國將直接將他們遣返回瓜國。

川普上任以來持續抵禦美墨邊界移民未果,他表示絡繹不絕湧入的移民為「邊界帶來危機」,因此26日兩大進展象徵川普政府的苦戰終於開花結果。麥克利南期望,與瓜國的協議能在8月某日生效。

麥克利南維持一貫看法,認為瓜地馬拉適宜接受尋求庇護的移民,且這份協議不但象徵兩國「同意在尋求庇護上攜手合作」,也符合「美國移民和國籍法」(INA)。

瓜地馬拉政府表示,簽署協議是為了防止美國訴諸經濟制裁,因屆時恐嚴重拖累瓜國經濟和社會。根據這份協議,瓜國將向宏都拉斯及薩爾瓦多的移民提供庇護。作為交換,美方同意向瓜地馬拉居民擴大農業客工計畫(guest-worker),並取消日前斟酌的旅遊禁令。客工計畫日後將涵蓋營建及服務業。

根據瓜國政府26日在官網公布的內容,美方將負責遣送移民回瓜國的費用。這份協議每三個月及兩年會修正及更新,內容未包括無人陪伴的未成年人。






7/14/2019

逮無證客 紐約提早抓人 布碌崙逐戶搜查 移民社區驚慌

(World Journal) 編譯黃秀媛


成千上萬示威者走上芝加哥街頭,抗議美國移民及海關執法局驅逐無證移民行動。(Getty Images)


示威者在洛杉磯抗議移民及海關執法局驅逐無證移民行動,示威者並打扮成自由女神模樣,警告無證移民「小心」。(Getty Images)

川普總統宣布聯邦探員14日將在美國各地逮捕接到驅逐令的移民,可是移民及海關執法局(ICE)探員13日就已在紐約市展開行動,在布碌崙一棟公寓大樓逐戶按門鈴搜查非法移民;雖然最後空手而去,但宣稱「我們會再回來」。

ICE原定14日在美國10個大城大肆逮捕非法移民,川普並親口證實,不僅讓這項行動針對的已有驅逐令在身的移民為之戰慄,整個移民社區都有如驚弓之鳥。

芝加哥、洛杉磯、華盛頓州、佛羅里達等地,都出現了反對逮捕行動的示威抗議。

美國境內有110萬移民面對移民法官簽署的驅逐令,其中六成住在加州、紐約、德州、佛羅里達和亞利桑納州。

法庭紀錄顯示,這些移民幾有40萬人來自墨西哥,有21萬人來自中美洲,約有8萬4000人來自中國。

在預期的搜捕移民前夕,紐約市氣氛緊張,庇護教堂紛紛開門接納無證移民,可是連躲進庇護所的人都心神難安。其他移民也打算躲起來,或到外地避風頭。

在皇后區街頭,只要提到執法行動,大家都悶不吭聲,眼神空洞地看著人行道;街頭小販提心吊膽,連合法移民都心驚膽戰。

一名墨西哥裔美國籍小店老闆說:「大家都怕死了。川普想整頓經濟,可是我們是經濟骨幹。」

根據法庭文件列出的住址,邁阿密、紐約市布碌崙、洛杉磯、休士頓和亞利桑納州佛羅倫斯的驅逐令最多。不過,這種住址很容易改變,而且許多移民填寫臨時拘留中心或朋友的地址。

在擁有許多面對驅逐令的移民的州市,維權者和一些公職人員準備應付逮捕行動,並希望法律協助能防止一些人遭到驅逐。但是,有些地方的公職人員宣稱早就應該加強執法。

芝加哥、洛杉磯、紐約和新澤西州紐瓦克市長都譴責驅逐計畫,紐約和加州的民主黨州長也都誓言捍衛移民。

但是,德州的共和黨州長上個月就派遣國民兵,協助移民當局拘押從美墨邊界源源而至的非法移民,並抱怨國會拒絕可杜絕移民穿越邊界申請庇護的漏洞。亞利桑納州的共和黨人也同樣表示不滿。

邁阿密的共和黨市長也支持驅逐暴力罪犯,尤其是非法居留的危險幫派分子,但希望守法的移民不會受到干擾。

強硬派則宣稱非法移民不論是否守法,都不應留在美國,因為違反移民法就應驅逐。

一所庇護教堂主持人說,隨著掃蕩時刻逼近,尋求庇護的無證移民愈來愈多。他說:「我不知道掃蕩行動會持續多久,不過只要需要,他們停留多久都可以。我們知道政府想驅逐的人,有很多是因面對很大的危險而逃離本國。」

在美國住了27年的52歲孟加拉人阿布爾說:「我嚇死了,到處躲來躲去,不敢留在家裡,完全沒安全感。」

他的妻子和兒女都是美國籍,而他2011年在加州橘縣坐牢期間,妻子曾為他申請入籍卻未成功。他說:「我們無家可歸,流落街頭。我不能離開家人。」

紐約市政府已設立免費專線電話,為無證移民免費提供法律援助,並分發「知道你的權利」傳單,可是許多人寧可躲起來也不要惹上官司;丕優研究中心估計,紐約大都會區約有110萬無證移民。

一個在美國生了孩子的無證媽媽說:「大家都很怕…我們 (星期天)絕不出門。街上不會像平常有那麼多人。我正為留在這裡奮戰。如果他們把我帶走,我要怎麼辦?」

一個墨西哥移民說,他有三個朋友已被ICE抓走。他說:「ICE一直在這裡。你很難為不知道會發生的事情做準備。」

去年1月依約向聯邦移民官報到卻遭到扣留、險些被遣返千里達的瑞吉伯,現為新庇護聯盟主管,準備密切監督ICE的突檢行動,並為有需要的無證移民提供援助。他說,每個星期通常有100人向他們求助,下個星期可能暴增到500人。

威者在洛杉磯舉著標語,連自由女神也「丟臉」。(Getty Images)

移民及海關執法局將在周日開始驅逐無證移民,圖為ICE探員在洛杉磯突擊逮捕無證移民。(美聯社)






3/08/2019

ICE arrests 123 in New Jersey during nationwide operation targeting aliens with prior arrests or convictions for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs


NEWARK, N.J. — A Mexican national who was previously deported, with convictions for indecent assault of a minor and DUI, is among 123 foreign nationals taken into custody during a month-long operation conducted by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in New Jersey. The operation, which was spearheaded by ICE Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO), targeted at-large criminal aliens, illegal re-entrants and other immigration violators who had prior arrests or convictions for DUI.

Of those arrested during the operation, 90 percent had prior criminal convictions and/or pending criminal charges.

“The remarkable results of our officers and law enforcement partners highlight ICE’s ongoing commitment to public safety,” said John Tsoukaris, Field Office Director of ERO Newark. “This operation focuses on the arrest of individuals convicted of serious crimes and are a threat to public safety. Because of the targeted efforts of these professional and dedicated officers, there are 123 fewer criminals in our communities.”

The operation was supported by ICE’s Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), under the direction of Special Agent in Charge Brian Michael and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), under the direction of Troy Miller, Director, New York Field Office.




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These individuals will go through removal proceedings before an Immigration Judge or for those under a final order of removal, arrangements will be made to remove them from the U.S.

The individuals arrested throughout New Jersey were nationals of Brazil (3), Costa Rica (3), Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (16), El Salvador (8), Guatemala (24), Honduras (14), Jamaica (1), Mexico (41), Nicaragua (1), Peru (6), Poland (2), Spain (2), and Trinidad (1).

These individuals were arrested in the following counties in New Jersey: Bergen (4), Burlington (4), Camden (4), Cumberland (9), Essex (13), Hudson (8), Mercer (10), Middlesex (14), Monmouth (12), Morris (10), Ocean (3), Passaic (2), Somerset (6), and Union (23). Also, one (1) individual was arrested in Pennsylvania.



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They range from age 19 to 56 years old and the great majority were arrested or previously convicted of driving under the influence. Some individuals also had arrests or convictions for sexual assault on a minor, child abuse, possession of narcotics, distribution of narcotics, fraud, criminal restraint, domestic violence, possession of a weapon, aggravated assault, resisting arrest, endangering the welfare of a child, fraud, promoting gambling, shoplifting, burglary, forgery and illegal reentry.

  • In Red Bank, a 30-year-old Mexican national, who has convictions for DUI and endangering the welfare of a child;
  • In Princeton, a 38-year-old previously deported Guatemalan national, who has convictions for aggravated assault and possession of a weapon
  • In Morristown, a 50-year-old Honduran national, who has convictions for DUI and burglary;
  • In Newark, a 41-year-old Peruvian national, who has convictions for DUI, distribution of marijuana, shoplifting, and promoting gambling;


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  • In Somerset, a 32-year-old Mexican national, who has convictions for DUI and endangering abuse/neglect of a person;
  • In Plainfield, a 42-year-old previously deported Ecuadorian national, who has a prior conviction for criminal sexual contact and a recent arrest for DUI;
  • In West New York, a 27-year-old previously deported Honduran national, who has a conviction for criminal restraint/risk serious bodily injury and active warrants for the offenses of DUI, domestic violence and disorderly conduct.;
  • In Neptune, a 39-year-old Mexican national, who has convictions for DUI, endangering-sexual contact with a minor, unlawful taking a means of conveyance and simple assault;


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  • In Hamilton, a 38-year-old previously deported Mexican national, who has convictions for DUI and indecent assault of a minor;

ICE deportation officers conduct targeted enforcement operations every day in locations around the country as part of the agency’s ongoing efforts to protect the nation, uphold public safety and protect the integrity of our immigration laws and border controls. During targeted enforcement operations, ICE officers frequently encounter additional suspects who may be in the United States in violation of federal immigration laws. Those persons will be evaluated on a case by case basis and, when appropriate, arrested by ICE.









Department of Justice
Office of Public Affairs

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Monday, April 8, 2019

Insulation Contractor Branch Manager Pleads Guilty To Bid Rigging and Fraud

Gary DeVoe, Branch Manager for the New England Division of an insulation contractor, pleaded guilty today in Bridgeport, Connecticut, for his role in schemes to rig bids and engage in fraud on insulation installation contracts, marking the first conviction in this investigation, the Department of Justice announced. 

According to court documents, from at least as early as October 2011 and continuing until as late as March 2018, DeVoe, of Bethlehem, Connecticut, conspired with other insulation installation contractors to rig bids and engage in fraud on insulation installation contracts in Connecticut, New York, and Massachusetts.  Insulation installation contractors install insulation around pipes and ducts on renovation and new construction projects at universities, hospitals, and other public and private entities.  In addition to his guilty plea, DeVoe has agreed to pay restitution. 

“Today’s conviction is the result of a coordinated effort between the Department of Justice and our law enforcement partners to root out collusion and fraud that undermined the competitive process and defrauded hospitals, schools, and other victims out of millions of dollars,” said Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim of the Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division.  “Contractors who conspire to deceive and defraud their customers will be prosecuted.”


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“This defendant participated in a long-running conspiracy among insulation contractors in Connecticut, Massachusetts and New York,” said U.S. Attorney John H. Durham.  “They cooked up collusive bids, shared bid numbers with their competitors and communicated with co-conspirators via encrypted messaging apps, all in an effort to line their own pockets and their companies’ bottom lines.  The real victims are the hospitals, universities and businesses that were duped into paying corruptly inflated bids on $45 million worth of insulation jobs throughout New England.  I commend the FBI, DCIS and the Antitrust Division for uncovering this brazen scheme and their ongoing efforts to bring its perpetrators to justice.”

“Free and open markets are the foundation of a vibrant economy.  For years, the defendant illegally coordinated bids on construction projects in order to enhance his own profits, eliminate competition, and ultimately steal from both public and private customers,” said Brian C. Turner, Special Agent in Charge of FBI’s New Haven Field Office.  “The FBI is committed to preventing this conduct that restricts all construction firms from receiving an opportunity to bid and receive contracts.  Consumers deserve the benefits of competitive prices, higher quality products, services, and greater innovation.”



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“Collusion and bid rigging seriously undermine the integrity of public contracting processes,” said Special Agent-in-Charge Leigh-Alistair Barzey, Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS) Northeast Field Office.  “DCIS will continue to work with our law enforcement partners to investigate and prosecute those who deprive the benefits of competitive contracts and divert tax payer funds.”

The antitrust charge announced today carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison and a fine of $1 million for individuals.  The fraud conspiracy charge carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison and a fine of $250,000.  The fines for the antitrust and fraud conspiracy charges may be increased to twice the gain derived from the crime or twice the loss suffered by the victims of the crime, if either of those amounts is greater than the statutory maximum fine. DeVoe will also be ordered to pay restitution to the victims. 


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DeVoe also agreed to resolve civil forfeiture cases connected to the criminal charges.  DeVoe agreed to settle the pending forfeiture action on his home for $131,000 and to forfeit all of his seized bank accounts.

The ongoing investigation is being conducted by the Antitrust Division’s New York Office, the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Connecticut, the FBI’s New Haven Division, and the Defense Criminal Investigative Service.  Anyone with information in connection with this investigation is urged to call the Antitrust Division’s New York Section at 212-335-8035, or visit http://www.justice.gov/atr/contact/newcase.html.













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