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薪水低 工作少…大學畢業生最後悔讀這5系



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11/16/2019

薪水低 工作少…大學畢業生最後悔讀這5系

(World Journal) 編譯馬永慶


大學畢業生最後悔選讀的五個科系, 包括英語、傳播、生物科學和法律。(Getty Images)

根據喬治城大學教育與勞動力研究中心的「大學回報」報告,獲得學士學位幾乎總是值得的。

報告指出,學士學位持有人的收入,通常比只有高中文憑的人高84%,而且教育程度越高,收益越大。

但按學習領域細分時,差異驚人。專門攻讀科學、技術、工程和數學(統稱為STEM學科)的學生,整體來說收入最高。

該研究中心發現,除了STEM外,主修醫療和商科的學生薪水也最高,使得其入門級職位的平均年薪較高,並且在整個職業生涯中,與修讀文科的人相比,收入要高得多。

總括來說,薪水最高的大學科系畢業生,一生收入比薪水最低的科系畢業生多340萬元。

當然,收入不是唯一考慮因素。求職網站「ZipRecruiter」發現,在加上滿意度、壓力水平和工作機會等因素後,大學生最後悔選讀的五個科系,涵蓋了文學和科學領域。

ZipRecruiter訪查超過5000名正在尋找工作的大學畢業生後,發現英語、傳播、生物科學和法律均上了後悔榜。

42%的英語或外語大學畢業生,後悔選擇了這兩科,因為「不切實際、工作機會有限」。35%遺憾選擇了生物學和物理科學,因為「沒有高級學位或執照,很難找到工作。」

31%畢業生後悔攻讀教育,因為「薪水低、工作滿意度低且工作機會有限」。29%認為他們修讀的社會科學和法學太普遍、不切實際、而且未經過進一步深造很難找到工作。27%傳播系的學生說,他們的學位太一般。

ZipRecruiter的執行長席格(Ian Siegel)說:「這一代人比以前任何一代的人,更注重尋找有意義的工作。」





9/18/2019

這5種工作 即使經濟衰退 仍是金飯碗

(World Journal) 編譯盧炯燊


PayScale指出,有五個工作可以承受經濟衰退所帶來的裁員潮,這些工作都與高科技有關。(Getty Images)

對經濟衰退可能出現的擔心日益深重,數以百萬計的美國人開始懷疑能否在經濟下滑時保住飯碗。專門研究及提供薪資、福利及報酬數據的公司PayScale,最近指出有五個工作可以承受經濟衰退所帶來的裁員潮,這些工作都與高科技有關。

1.雲端運算

payscale研究主管森柏什(Sudarshan Sampath)指出,雲端運算是現代經濟中會賺大錢的支柱,也是世界科技巨頭的焦點,所以即使在經濟衰退期間,資訊科技(IT)業內的雲端運算工作也必不可少,例如IT架構師。他還表示,公司投資在雲端運算是因其靈活性。例如,為員工提供筆記本電腦,讓他們連接到Azure API或AWS API便可工作,大大的降低成本。



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2.人工智能(AI)

森柏什指出,全世界只有大約2萬2000個真正合格的人工智能專家,物以稀為貴,自然就不怕經濟動盪。儘管多數人認為人工智能在科學環境中最有用,但AI實際用途愈來愈廣泛,包括使用生物識別指紋技術展開安全和數據驗證。

3.網路安全

森柏什說,當有大量的網路數據時,就存在大量的網路風險,臉書與Equifax等發生大規模數據外洩,以及遭到駭客攻擊,都證明了即使在經濟衰退期間,這一職業也是必要的。


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4.大數據分析

森柏什認為,大數據分析是一個極其複雜的領域,具有許多不同的功能,能夠了解大數據分析的數據專家,就是非常有價值的資產,能夠配合編碼和取得數據的需要來塑形大數據。

5.數位營銷

數位營銷非常有價值,因為很多公司需要找尋方法賺錢,例如如何將谷歌搜尋貨幣化。森柏什指出,由於營銷方式的發展,數位營銷正在快速增長,有這樣的工作自然就不怕被炒魷魚。






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9/18/2019

5 jobs that could weather a recession, according to PayScale

By Reggie Wade

With recession fears mounting, millions of Americans are beginning to wonder if their jobs could weather an economic downturn. PayScale, a provider of salary, benefits and compensation data, recently identified five jobs in five industries it thinks could withstand the inevitable job cuts that come with a recession:

Cloud computing

“Cloud computing is an incredibly lucrative pillar of the modern economy and has the intense focus of the tech giants of the world,” Sudarshan Sampath, director of research at PayScale, told Yahoo Finance. That is why jobs within the industry, such as IT architect, could prove indispensable even during a recession.

“If you think about somewhere like Amazon (AMZN), a lot of their revenue growth is from Amazon Web Services (AWS). The same goes for Microsoft (MSFT) with Azure,” he said. A main reason companies invest in cloud computing is flexibility. For example, it’s easier to give an employee a laptop and have him or her connect to an Azure API or AWS API and compute in the cloud. This reduces material costs by leveraging the relatively cheap costs of the cloud, Sampath said.



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Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) was once considered fodder for science fiction films, but in the present day, the industry is all too real. Sampath notes that there are only about 22,000 qualified AI specialists in the world — and that scarcity is what will insulate workers in the field.

Though often seen by many as most useful in a scientific setting, AI can help businesses find the best candidates for a job by combing through job applications. Now more companies are using biometric fingerprint technology for security and data validation purposes, and AI drives all of that.

“It’s a way to look through and comb big data and actually provide insight in an easier way,” Sampath explained.



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Cybersecurity

When there’s a ton of cyber data, there is a ton of cyber risk, Sampath said. The massive data breaches and hacks that have taken place at global companies such as Facebook (FB) and Equifax is proof that this profession is necessary, even during a recession, he added.

“There’s so much interaction with tons of different types of data and media that you need to have a better way of protecting it.”



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Big data analytics

Sampath tells Yahoo Finance that big data analytics is an extremely complex field that has a lot of different functions. A data scientist who understands big data analytics is an extremely valuable asset who can mold and shape terabytes of data for needs such as codifying and accessing data, he said.

“There’s no point in having all the world at your feet, at your fingertips if you don’t know how to, you know, really engage with it in a meaningful way. That’s where the data scientists and analytics comes in.”



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Digital marketing

“Digital marketing is incredibly valuable because a lot of these firms need to find ways to become profitable,” said Sampath of the fifth most recession-proof field. “Like how do you monetize like a Google search?” This was something that many companies did not know how to do years ago, he added.

Digital marketing is growing very quickly because of the way marketing has evolved. “It’s gone has been from the traditional styles of the early 60s through the early 2000s to something that is much more online-based. People in the field have to understand how technology works; you have to understand how Google Algorithm SEO and driving metrics work.”

Recessions are scary to think about, especially when it comes to job security. However, PayScale says that focusing on skills and not job titles is the name of the game — and can be the difference between employment and unemployment during a recession.





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9/18/2019

Almost half of teachers work a second job: survey

By Reggie Wade

Holding down one job can be hard enough sometimes, let alone two or more. But that’s the reality faced by many Americans, which includes an astounding number of teachers.

About 13 million people in the U.S. work more than one job, according to the Census Bureau. That represents roughly 5% of the American workforce. And that percentage is significantly higher for teachers, according to a survey by social app Fishbowl. The survey asked 660 teachers: Outside of being a teacher, do you supplement your income with part-time work on weekends or school breaks?

Just over 49% of teachers have answered with yes.

The Census report also states that women are more likely to have multiple jobs, and teaching happens to be one of the most female-dominated professions. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, about 77% of public school teachers were female while 23% were male in during the 2015–16 school year.

Not just seasonal

Many people pick up extra work around the holidays. But according to the data, most people with multiple jobs held those positions year-round. That amounts to between 7.6 million and 8.2 million people according to Census data. The same could be said for many teachers.

New York City School Teacher Kelly Finlaw tells Yahoo Finance that at times she's had "no social life" due to working extra hours. Most teachers that she knows work in ‘per-session'. That means they have a second job at the school, or somewhere within the NYC DOE that is paid hourly. Finlaw has worked per session in the past. She has also held other side gigs and is always looking for ways to make extra money.

"We have an after-school fitness club that I ran with my friend for about 5 years,” she said. “Then the budget ran out for the program. I coached the basketball team for 10 years, took a two-year break, and started back again last year. I go in to my school in the summer and paint murals for extra money. I wrote and illustrated a book that's on Amazon and am working on another. I have an Etsy shop. I pick up any commission gigs that I can get."

Finlaw's sister lives in Indiana where teacher pay is significantly lower than it is in New York. Some of the teachers at her kids' school have second jobs bagging groceries and working at retail outlets at stores like TJ Maxx.

"I will start working another job on Saturday. I'm not making it just teaching. I love teaching, but I am always poor." said an elementary school teacher in Michigan.

"I have a seasonal job for the summers and Christmas break at Chick-Fil-A. I usually use the money I make there to get ahead on bills and or buy that one awesome thing for my classroom," said another teacher from Georgia.

Finlaw reminds Yahoo Finance of the toll that having more than one job can take on someone in a profession like teaching.

“Teachers don't work 9-5 jobs. We're in the classroom from 8:00 - 3:00 (roughly) every day,” she said. Then, we have hours of planning and preparation for the next day. We have papers to grade, parents to stay in touch with, papers to organize, and lessons to plan. I don't know a single teacher that doesn't take work home with them.

“Add two or two and a half hours to that day because of you’re working for extra money.”












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