Presidential Proclamation on National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, 2019


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Presidential Proclamation on National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, 2019

Image by WikiImages from Pixabay

Seventy-eight years ago today, the course of our Nation’s history was forever altered by the surprise attack at Pearl Harbor on Oahu, Hawaii.  On National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, we solemnly remember the tragic events of that morning and honor those who perished in defense of our Nation that day and in the ensuing 4 years of war.

Just before 8 a.m. on December 7, 1941, airplanes launched from the Empire of Japan’s aircraft carriers dropped bombs and torpedoes from the sky, attacking our ships moored at Naval Station Pearl Harbor and other military assets around Oahu.  Following this swift assault, the United States Pacific Fleet and most of the Army and Marine airfields on the island were left decimated.  Most tragically, 2,335 American service members and 68 civilians were killed, marking that fateful day as one of the deadliest in our Nation’s history.



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Despite the shock of the attack, American service members at Pearl Harbor fought back with extraordinary courage and resilience.  Sprinting through a hailstorm of lead, pilots rushed to the few remaining planes and took to the skies to fend off the incoming Japanese attackers.  Soldiers on the ground fired nearly 300,000 rounds of ammunition and fearlessly rushed to the aid of their wounded brothers in arms.  As a solemn testament to the heroism that abounded that day, 15 American servicemen were awarded the Medal of Honor — 10 of which were awarded posthumously.  In one remarkable act of bravery, Doris “Dorie” Miller, a steward aboard the USS West Virginia, manned a machine gun and successfully shot down multiple Japanese aircraft despite not having been trained to use the weapon.  For his valor, Miller was awarded the Navy Cross and was the first African-American recognized with this honor.


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In the wake of this heinous attack, the United States was left stunned and wounded.  Yet the dauntless resolve of the American people remained unwavering and unbreakable.  In his address to the Congress the following day, broadcast to the Nation over radio, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt assured us that “[w]ith confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph.”  In the days, months, and years that followed, the full might of the American people, industry, and military was brought to bear on our enemies.  Across the Atlantic and Pacific, 16 million American servicemen and women fought to victory, making the world safe for freedom and democracy once again.  More than 400,000 of these brave men and women never returned home, giving their last full measure of devotion for our Nation.


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The Defenders of Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941 (Narrated by Joe Mantegna)

Published on Mar 23, 2017

The attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 plunged the United States into World War II. Listen to the accounts from those who were there -- Adone Calderone, Jim Downing, Jack Holder, and Jim Leavelle, World War II veterans of the US Navy. Narration by Joe Mantegna. 

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While nearly eight decades have passed since the last sounds of battle rang out over Pearl Harbor, we will never forget the immeasurable sacrifices these courageous men and women made so that we may live today in peace and prosperity.  We continue to be inspired by the proud legacy left by the brave patriots of the Greatest Generation who served in every capacity during World War II, from keeping factories operating on the home front to fighting on the battlefields in Europe, North Africa, and the South Pacific.  Their incredible heroism, dedication to duty, and love of country continue to embolden our drive to create a better world and galvanize freedom-loving people everywhere under a common cause.  On this day, we resolve forever to keep the memory of the heroes of Pearl Harbor alive as a testament to the tremendous sacrifices they made in defense of freedom and all that we hold dear.

The Congress, by Public Law 103-308, as amended, has designated December 7 of each year as “National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.”


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NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim December 7, 2019, as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.  I encourage all Americans to observe this solemn day of remembrance and to honor our military, past and present, with appropriate ceremonies and activities.  I urge all Federal agencies and interested organizations, groups, and individuals to fly the flag of the United States at half-staff in honor of those American patriots who died as a result of their service at Pearl Harbor.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixth day of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand nineteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-fourth.



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5 Things You Don’t Know: Pearl Harbor

Published on Dec 2, 2015

In honor of the Pearl Harbor anniversary, we look at some interesting facts related to the “date which will live in infamy”. Hosted by Benari Poulten, a Master Sergeant in the U.S. Army Reserve and veteran of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.

December 7th, 1941 – “a date which will live in infamy”.

This is Five Things You Don’t Know About Pearl Harbor.

Fact One: The December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor spurred direct US involvement in World War II. But while you may think that the decision to enter the war was unanimously approved, it actually wasn’t. 

In fact, when Congress voted to declare war on Japan the day after the attack, Jeannette Rankin of Montana was the sole dissenting voice. 

A lifelong pacifist who had also voted against America’s involvement in World War I, Rankin’s decision was met with hisses in the gallery and pleas from her colleagues to change her vote, or, at the very least, abstain from casting it. 

When she refused to do so, Rankin outraged so many people that she effectively ended her political career… And thanks to her single dissenting voice, the Declaration of War against Japan passed with a final tally of 388 to 1. 

Fact Two: While we’re all familiar with the air attack that took place at Pearl Harbor, a lesser known part of the story is the fact that the Japanese also deployed several midget submarines for assaults against the island. 

One of these subs – commanded by Kazuo Sakamaki – became disabled and stuck on a beach in Oahu. Although Sakamaki attempted to blow his submarine up, the explosives failed to go off – and he was ultimately captured as America’s first prisoner of war in World War II.

After the attack ended, Sakamaki’s submarine was recovered intact, and was taken on tour across the United States, where it was used to help raise money through the purchase of war bonds. 

Fact Three: While US military forces worked to rebuild Pearl Harbor in the weeks following December 7th, the Japanese initiated a plan to attack the island for a second time. 

Codenamed “Operation K” this second assault took place on March 4, 1942, when two Japanese “flying boat” aircraft flew across the Pacific, refueled via submarine in the northwest Hawaiian islands, and arrived over Oahu in the middle of the night. 

Although their intention was to bomb the base at Pearl Harbor, blackout conditions and heavy cloud cover caused the pilots to become disoriented – and forced them to mistakenly drop their payload far off target. 

The resulting blast damaged a few homes and buildings, but, thankfully, resulted in zero casualties.

Fact Four: Although the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor resulted in massive devastation and an immense loss of American lives, there were a few US ships that managed to escape unscathed. 

Among them, was the USS Phoenix CL-46. A Brooklyn-class light cruiser, the Phoenix was anchored southeast of Ford Island on the morning of the assault. Since it was not considered a primary target, it was largely passed over by the Japanese.

Throughout the remainder of World War II, the Phoenix escorted convoys, and helped support troop landings throughout the Pacific Theater. 

In 1951, six years after the war ended, the Phoenix was sold to the Argentine Navy, where it was ultimately renamed the ARA General Belgrano. 

There, the ship continued to serve for another 31 years – until, in 1982, it was sunk by a British submarine during the Falklands War.

Fact Five: Attracting more than 1 million visitors each year, the USS Arizona Memorial is perhaps the best known World War II monument in the world. 

Officially dedicated on May 30th, 1962, the $500,000 structure was funded through donations from both the public and private sector. These donations were solicited through the help of several organizations and individuals – including none other than the King of Rock and Roll, Elvis Presley.

Elvis, who had recently finished a two-year stint in the Army, performed a benefit concert at Pearl Harbor in March of 1961. Singing favorites like “Heartbreak Hotel” and “Don’t Be Cruel”, the concert raised nearly $65,000 – and was the last time Elvis performed on stage until his return to Las Vegas almost 8 years later.

While the assault on Hawaii became famous throughout the world, the Japanese military actually attacked several other locations on December 7th. 

Do you know where else the Japanese attacked? If so, post your answer below or reach out to us through Twitter using hash tag Five Things You Don’t Know.

The Battle of Midway 1942: Told from the Japanese Perspective (1/2)

Published on Apr 27, 2019

(Animated Battle Map) 

This is part one of a planned two-part video covering Operation MI. As you can see I spent a considerable amount of time covering Nagumo’s Dilemma. To me it's one of most striking examples of how tough it can be for a commander to make a decision based on the information at hand. I found that to be the most interesting aspect of the battle. 

I don’t have a Patreon but if you want to show appreciation for my work feel free to donate. 
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"Strength" , "Auxiliary", and "unknown" are misspelled in the video. 

At 22:55 I should have stated “North of Midway” instead of Northeast of Midway. The illustration shows a 10 degree 240 nm from midway location. Not so Northeast as I audibly stated.

At 23:43 I should have stated 79 aircraft instead of 78 and I should have displayed 35 instead of 34 torpedo bombers. the “mistake” came about because sources still differ on whether there were 27 or 26 Carrier attack planes (Kates). If it was 27 it would have been 79 Planes. if it was 26 it would have been 78. During the recording I somehow mixed up the numbers. 

Additional Notes:
notice that the carriers started off the battle in a box formation. This provided further mutual support for their rather weak AA fire. however, due to the incessant air attacks from VT-8, VT-6 and VT-3, the carriers were never able to reform in a box formation, instead they were in a ragged line which further worsened their AA capabilities. 


The Battle of the Coral Sea 1942: The First Aircraft Carrier Battle in History

Published on Jun 26, 2018

To cut to the chase and skip all the preliminary actions of may 4-7, go to 18:43 to see the main carrier battle.

Lundstrom, J. B. (2013). The First Team Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway. New York: Naval Institute Press.

Lundstrom, J. B. (2014). The first South Pacific campaign: Pacific Fleet strategy, December 1941-June 1942. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.

Stille, M. (2009). The Coral Sea 1942: The first carrier battle (Vol. 214, Campaign). Oxford: Osprey Publishing.

Toll, I. W. (2012). Pacific crucible: War at sea in the Pacific, 1941-1942. New York: W.W. Norton.

Willmott, H. P. (2008). The barrier and the javelin: Japanese and Allied Strategies, February to June 1942. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.

Attack on Pearl Harbor 1941

Published on Jan 26, 2018

(Animated Battle Map)

I do not own the rights to the songs or images. This video is purely for educational purposes. 


No copyright intended, all Image rights go to:

-Wikipedia Commons

-Naval History Heritage and Command

Images contained on this site that are donated from private sources are © copyrighted by the respective owner. Images credited to the National Archives (NA, NARA); Naval History & Heritage Command (NHHC), formerly Naval Historical Center (NHC); and U.S. Navy (USN) are believed to be in the public domain. Some images credited to the United States Naval Institute (USNI) are from © copyrighted collections, the rest are believed to be in the public domain.

Documentary: Pearl Harbor Then and Now - 75 Years after the Attack

Published on Apr 3, 2016

This documentary summarizes the events of December 7th, 1941, when Imperial Japanese forces stroke the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor at Hawaii in a daring air raid. After this attack the USA declared war to Japan and entered World War II. During the two-hour attack, 21 ships were damaged or sunk. Three battleships were destroyed. The attack caused about 3,600 casualties. The most devastating fate was suffered by the USS Arizona which sunk in only 9 minutes and took more than 1,000 sailors with her. Nowadays, the Arizona Memorial honors those who perished during that day. The video contains footage from visits to Pearl Harbor and the Arizona Memorial in March 2016, which gives an impression of how it was "then" and what it is "now."


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