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一年要花8萬多!這兩所大學 全美最貴


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7/17/2019

一年要花8萬多!這兩所大學 全美最貴

(World Journal) 特派員黃惠玲╱芝加哥報導


芝加哥大學今秋入學新生一年花費將首次逾8萬元。(芝大官方臉書截圖)


雖然芝大新年度學費號稱全美唯一突破8萬,但哥大也高達8萬1664元,不遑謙讓。(圖╱/讀者提供)

芝加哥大學15日發布一項統計指出,2019至2020學年新生的學費、雜費及住宿等開銷,將超過8萬元,比上學年費用高出2946元。統計顯示,芝大也因此成為全美第一所學生年度花費逾8萬的學校,哈佛大學、賓州大學緊追其後,分居全美第二、第三的「貴」校。

芝加哥大學表示,新學年該校學費將從5萬5425元,調漲到5萬7642元,漲幅約4%;而包括餐飲的住校費用,新學年也加收654元,比去年調高約4%。

雖然根據這分報告,芝大號稱學雜費突破8萬元,但一位紐約哥倫比亞大學學生家長表示,哥大大學部新年度的學費就要6萬2430元,若加計住宿、書籍等其他費用,年度花費要8萬1664元;芝大並非唯一花費逾8萬元的學校。


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對於芝大提高學費、住宿費的決定,該校發言人馬尼爾(Jeremy Manier)說,校方會確保所有錄取學生,無須擔心家庭經濟狀況。推出多項措施,包括提供家庭年收入低於12.5萬元家庭「免學費保證」,也會盡力讓所有畢業生平均學生貸款低於7000元;此外,今秋入學新生開始,家庭年收入低於6萬元者,都可以學費、住宿費、雜費全免的助學金支持。

根據芝大發布的報告,全美15所最貴大學中,學費部分以布朗大學(Brown University)收費最高,哈佛大學學費是15所名校中收費最低的,但該校昂貴的住宿及其他費用的合計,將哈佛推升到僅次於芝加哥大學的全美第二貴的大學。

排名第二、第三的哈佛、賓大,新生年度花費均超過7萬8000元;排名第四的達特茅斯學院(Dartmouth College)約為7萬6500元;第五的耶魯大學7萬6000元;第六南加州大學(USC)7萬5000多元;第七加州理工學院將近7萬5000元;第八名為杜克大學,學生年花7萬4000多元;第九名布朗大學7萬4000元;接下來第十名到第14名的大學,分別為普林斯頓大學、喬治城大學、范德堡大學、麻省理工學院、約翰霍普金斯大學,這些學校年度花費均在7萬3000元之譜。

第15名的康乃爾大學,年度開銷約為7萬2000元。






3/16/2019

大學念名校 一生可增加多少財富?

(World Journal) 編譯季晶晶


美國日前爆出大學入學舞弊案,明星和富豪行賄以便子女能「走後門」擠進名校,加州商人辛格(William Rick Singer)是收賄主謀,遭美國聯邦檢察官起訴。路透

美國日前爆出大學入學舞弊案,明星和富豪行賄以便子女能「走後門」擠進名校,導致50人遭起訴。外界大惑不解:進哪家大學或履歷表有無名校加持,真的很重要嗎?根據美國NBC電視網,答案取決於你問誰而不同。

醜聞爆發之前,美國前總統歐巴馬在猶他州鹽湖城參加一項科技會議,他說:「我不知道為我工作的人都上哪幾家大學。我只問:他們能否把工作做好?」

但數據顯示,長春藤名校耶魯大學(Yale)畢業生的平均起薪是6萬8300美元,比密西西比河谷州立大學(Mississippi Valley State University)的3萬2000美元高出一倍。進入名校不僅只是想起薪多幾萬美元而已,也希望為履歷表增添份量。


阿肯色大學教育政策和心理學政策的助理教授強納森・魏(Jonathan Wai)去年公布的分析研究顯示,富比世的最具影響力人物排行榜,有超過50%的女性和超過80%的男性都唸名校。每年1月在瑞士達沃斯舉辦的世界經濟論壇(WEF),90%的學術界人士和40%的企業執行長當初念的是名校。 富比世億萬富豪排行榜,也有超過40%的人進名校。

對覺得小孩上哪家大學是自身社會地位另一表徵的父母來說,大學入學申請因此成為不遺餘力的追求。

《父酬者:姓氏、階級與社會不流動》一書作者克拉克說:「大多數父母,尤其是上流社會,都非常重視子女的社會和經濟成就,願意砸時間或重金追求這些目標。他們只是想確保子女獲得最好的,不是想損害他人的機會。但是這個社會只有這麼多具地位、影響力和財富的位子。」


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對那些不必擔心學費沒著落的小孩來說,他們的重點變成學校聲望和排名,父母的期待形成莫大壓力。

其實上大學取得學位就已經是一項重要成就,可開啟新的職涯機會,創造更高的終身收入,儘管性別差異仍舊存在。根據美國社會安全局,擁有學士學位的男性一生可增加90萬美元收入,女性則增加63萬美元。所以,從這個角度來看,到哪裡上大學不一定重要,重要的是要念完。

好消息是凡事都有例外。臉書創辦人查克柏格、已故蘋果執行長喬布斯和微軟創辦人蓋茲都是大學輟學但白手成家的億萬富翁,登上今年富比世富豪榜的最年輕億萬富翁凱莉.詹娜,年紀相當於大四生,卻不追求學歷。





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3/16/2019

College admissions scandal: Does attending an elite school mean you'll earn more money?

By Zlati Meyer, USA TODAY

The college admissions scam involving Lori Loughlin and Felicity Huffman shows how some rich families use a “side door” to game an already unfair education system.

Time is money, but so is a degree from an elite school.

That's usually what motivates the parents of high-school students to go all out to get them into top-tier colleges.

The largest-ever admissions bribery case – which includes Yale, Stanford, Georgetown and Wake Forest universities and the University of Southern California – unfolded on Tuesday and rocked the country. Chatter ranged from the alleged involvement of actresses Felicity Huffman and Lori Laughlin in the scandal to social media one-upmanship/one-downmanship with people posting where they did and didn't go to college.

But the bloodsport of gaining admission to a high-ranking college goes beyond prestige and car-window stickers, a.k.a. bragging rights. It comes down to one word – money.


In this July 10, 2013, file photo, prospective students tour Georgetown University's campus in Washington. Federal authorities have charged college coaches and others in a sweeping admissions bribery case in federal court. (Photo: Jacquelyn Martin, AP)



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Graduating from big-name schools translates into better jobs and higher salaries, according to conventional wisdom. Plus, there are the auxiliary benefits that also lead to cash – powerful alumni networks, name recognition that attracts the interest of hiring managers and the right collegiate brand to catapult graduating seniors to top-notch graduate schools, which are themselves tickets to more money.

Colleges and universities conferred approximately 2 million bachelor's degrees in 2015-2016, according to the most recent data from U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. Plus, they awarded more than 785,000 master's degrees and close to 178,000 doctorates.

"There's no question: If you get into a prestigious institution, it will create opportunities," said Lynn Pasquerella, president of the Association of American Colleges and Universities. "It’s an elite, selective club."


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Admissions scandal stems from money, prestige

An oft-quoted study from 2015 found that what you studied made a difference. If you're in liberal arts or business, the school counts, but that's not the case for someone in science, technology, engineering and math, also known as STEM. A decade after graduating, the biggest difference was among business majors; people who graduated from elite schools made an average of 12 percent more than students who earned their degrees at mid-tier schools and 18 percent more than graduates of less-selective and open-enrollment schools.

The road to better jobs is well trod from the brand-name schools. Recruiters return year after year because they know past hires from there have done well.

"Elite colleges get that advantage because recruiters tend to be from companies that pay more for prestigious positions," said Aviva Legatt, an Ardmore, Pennsylvania-based college admission consultant with as many as 50 clients every year, who declined to disclose her fees. "As a hiring manager, you might feel they have been pre-vetted by these colleges."

It's not just first jobs straight out of college. Later on in people's careers, head hunters still take note of job-seekers' alma maters. And that good first job leads to a second good job and with that better pay.


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Good jobs, alumni connections, grad schools among the bounty

Alisa Levin, of the New York City-based legal-recruiting firm Greene-Levin-Snyder, said clients favor top-tier schools over local ones because those alumni have an "instant credibility" that graduates of non-exclusive institutions don't.

"Twenty-five years out and they’ll still want to see transcripts... It's a forever thing," she said. "People want people who others want. If you've already won one race, you're more likely to win another."

Also important are alumni connections. The more esteemed the school, the more valuable the ties. Turning to fellow graduates for help – an introduction, a well-placed resume, an invitation to shmooze – keeps the cycle going from graduation gown to shroud.

"For every person you know in a field, that counts as much as submitting more than 150 resumes to an institution where you don't know anybody," said Pasquerella. "It’s hugely important to connecting... for their first job opportunities."

Levin called illustrious alumni networks "priceless," pointing out the powerful access they provide.

Not everyone believes an elite B.A. gets you from point A to point B, though.

Tony Carnevale, director of Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce, said that the advantages garnered from a top-tier school can disappear within four years of working and that getting a job through an alumni connection is "something that goes back to the Gilded Age" and long gone. Plus does a public-school teacher who went to Harvard make more than one who graduated from a state school?

"It's an aristocracy posing as a meritocracy; it’s more about Vanity Fair than Les Miserables," he said. "People spend tens of thousands of dollars to (send their children) to the right preschool because it’s a straight shot to Yale. The whole system is rigged in their favor."


YouTuber, influencer...cheater? Lori Loughlin, mother of Olivia Jade and her sister, Isabella Rose, was charged with bribing their way into USC. USA TODAY












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