USCIS Reminds F-1 Aliens in Post-Completion OPT and Their DSOs to Enter Employer Information in SEVIS

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USCIS Reminds F-1 Aliens in Post-Completion OPT and Their DSOs to Enter Employer Information in SEVIS

Release Date: 08/18/2020

As exceeding unemployment limits can result in a loss of status, we are reminding F-1 aliens participating in post-completion Optional Practical Training (OPT), and their designated school officials (DSOs), that they must update the employer information in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS), including unemployment data. Federal regulations require F-1 aliens to notify their DSO within 10 days of any changes to their personal or employment information. In turn, DSOs must update SEVIS with the alien’s information within 21 days. This reminder helps ensure F-1 aliens and DSOs properly comply with existing requirements.

Aliens in F-1 nonimmigrant status may update their employer information through the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) Portal, a tool that allows F and M aliens participating in post‑completion practical training to report accurate and timely information directly to SEVP. DSOs may update the information in SEVIS following the instructions to add, edit, or delete the OPT employer. If aliens are unsure of whether they should report information using the portal, or provide the information to their DSO, they should contact their DSO for instructions.

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Aliens in F-1 nonimmigrant status and DSOs must ensure that information is entered timely in SEVIS, so that the alien’s record is current and reflects actual employment data. SEVIS will count each day without employer information toward the total number of unemployment days allowed. Failure to update employer information in SEVIS to reflect that the alien is employed may result in any or all of the following actions:

  • The alien exceeding unemployment limits and therefore failing to maintain F-1 nonimmigrant status, rendering them removable, unless they are otherwise in a period of authorized stay;
  • SEVP setting an alien’s SEVIS record to “terminated” if they have exceeded unemployment limits;
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) initiating revocation proceedings for an alien’s Employment Authorization Document if they have exceeded unemployment limits; and
  • The exceeded unemployment limits negatively affecting the alien’s future benefit requests filed with USCIS.

For more information about the SEVP Portal, including step-by-step instructions and videos, visit the SEVP Portal Help section on the Department of Homeland Security Study in the States website. See the Unemployment Counter page on the SEVIS Help Hub for information about SEVIS unemployment calculations.



文 / 潘万莉







ICE continues March guidance for fall school term

WASHINGTON – Nonimmigrant students and schools certified by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) should abide by SEVP guidance originally issued in March 2020. The guidance enables schools and students to engage in distance learning in excess of regulatory limits due to the public health emergency generated by COVID-19. The March 2020 guidance applies to nonimmigrant students who were actively enrolled at a U.S. school on March 9 and are otherwise complying with the terms of their nonimmigrant status, whether from inside the U.S. or abroad. SEVP will not issue a temporary final rule impacting nonimmigrant students for the fall school term.

In accordance with March 2020 guidance, nonimmigrant students in new or initial status after March 9 will not be able to enter the U.S. to enroll in a U.S. school as a nonimmigrant student for the fall term to pursue a full course of study that is 100 percent online. Additionally, designated school officials should not issue a Form I-20 to a nonimmigrant student in new or initial status who is outside of the U.S. and plans to take classes at an SEVP-certified educational institution fully online.

SEVP will continue to provide the latest COVID-19-related information and guidance to stakeholders at and via its other communications channels, including Broadcast Messages, SEVP field representatives, Study in the States blog posts and social media.

Stakeholders should continue to refer to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of State and U.S. Customs and Border Protection for the latest COVID-19 information, specific port-of-entry screening processes, as well as any travel restrictions.

SEVP monitors more than one million nonimmigrant students pursuing academic or vocational studies (F and M visa holders) in the U.S. and their dependents. It also certifies schools and programs that enroll these students. The U.S. Department of State monitors exchange visitors (J visa holders) and their dependents and oversees exchange visitor programs.

Both use SEVIS to protect national security by ensuring that students, visitors and schools comply with U.S. laws. SEVP also collects and shares SEVIS information with government partners, including U.S. Customs and Border Protection and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, to reduce fraud.

HSI reviews SEVIS records for potential violations and refers cases with possible national security or public safety concerns to its field offices for further investigation. Additionally, SEVP’s Analysis and Operations Center analyzes student and school records for administrative compliance with federal regulations related to studying in the U.S.



哈佛MIT大勝 川普政府同意全面撤銷留學生新規

(World Journal) 記者劉晨懿之/波士頓報導


哈佛大學和麻省理工學院(MIT)就留學生新規提告國土安全部(DHS)和移民及海關執法局(ICE)案,波士頓聯邦法院今日下午3時舉辦聽證會。法官伯勞斯(Allison D. Burroughs)聽證會一開始即宣讀雙方達成協議,聯邦政府同意撤銷7月6日頒布的留學生新規及7月7日發布的常見問題答疑(FAQ)。



哈佛和MIT提告原是尋求臨時限制令,初步和永久禁止DHS和ICE強制執行如國際學生全網課則須離境或不能入境。過百個高校、組織和城鎮政府13日曾提交「非當事人意見陳述(Amicus Brief)」支持哈佛和MIT。十多個州檢察長也就此規定對川普政府提起了訴訟。



Trump Administration Rescinds Rule On Foreign Students

By COLLIN BINKLEY AP Education Writer

BOSTON (AP) — Facing eight federal lawsuits and opposition from hundreds of universities, the Trump administration on Tuesday rescinded a rule that would have required international students to transfer or leave the country if their schools held classes entirely online because of the pandemic.

The decision was announced at the start of a hearing in a federal lawsuit in Boston brought by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. U.S. District Judge Allison Burroughs said federal immigration authorities agreed to pull the July 6 directive and “return to the status quo.”

A lawyer representing the Department of Homeland Security and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement said only that the judge’s characterization was correct.

The announcement brings relief to thousands of foreign students who had been at risk of being deported from the country, along with hundreds of universities that were scrambling to reassess their plans for the fall in light of the policy.

Under the policy, international students in the U.S. would have been forbidden from taking all their courses online this fall. New visas would not have been issued to students at schools planning to provide all classes online, which includes Harvard. Students already in the U.S. would have faced deportation if they didn’t transfer schools or leave the country voluntarily.

Immigration officials issued the policy last week, reversing earlier guidance from March 13 telling colleges that limits around online education would be suspended during the pandemic. University leaders believed the rule was part of President Donald Trump’s effort to pressure the nation’s schools and colleges to reopen this fall even as new virus cases rise.

The policy drew sharp backlash from higher education institutions, with more than 200 signing court briefs supporting the challenge by Harvard and MIT. Colleges said the policy would put students’ safety at risk and hurt schools financially. Many schools rely on tuition from international students, and some stood to lose millions of dollars in revenue if the rule had taken hold.

Harvard and MIT were the first to contest the policy, but at least seven other federal suits had been filed by universities and states opposing the rule.

Harvard and MIT argued that immigration officials violated procedural rules by issuing the guidance without justification and without allowing the public to respond. They also argued that the policy contradicted ICE’s March 13 directive telling schools that existing limits on online education would be suspended “for the duration of the emergency.”

The suit noted that Trump’s national emergency declaration has not been rescinded and that virus cases are spiking in some regions.

Immigration officials, however, argued that they told colleges all along that any guidance prompted by the pandemic was subject to change. They said the rule was consistent with existing law barring international students from taking classes entirely online.

Federal officials said they were providing leniency by allowing students to keep their visas even if they study online from abroad.



文 / 陈慧璋





哈佛大学校长巴科(Lawrence Bacow)在一份声明中说:“我们将会倾尽全力打这场官司,确保我们的国际学生以及在全国各地就读的国际学生可以继续他们学业,不受到驱逐出境的威胁。”




文 / 陈慧璋









SEVP modifies temporary exemptions for nonimmigrant students taking online courses during fall 2020 semester

WASHINGTON – The Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) announced modifications Monday to temporary exemptions for nonimmigrant students taking online classes due to the pandemic for the fall 2020 semester. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security plans to publish the procedures and responsibilities in the Federal Register as a Temporary Final Rule.

Temporary exemptions for the fall 2020 semester include:

  1. Nonimmigrant F-1 and M-1 students attending schools operating entirely online may not take a full online course load and remain in the United States. The U.S. Department of State will not issue visas to students enrolled in schools and/or programs that are fully online for the fall semester nor will U.S. Customs and Border Protection permit these students to enter the United States. Active students currently in the United States enrolled in such programs must depart the country or take other measures, such as transferring to a school with in-person instruction to remain in lawful status. If not, they may face immigration consequences including, but not limited to, the initiation of removal proceedings.
  2. Nonimmigrant F-1 students attending schools operating under normal in-person classes are bound by existing federal regulations. Eligible F students may take a maximum of one class or three credit hours online.
  3. Nonimmigrant F-1 students attending schools adopting a hybrid model—that is, a mixture of online and in person classes—will be allowed to take more than one class or three credit hours online. These schools must certify to SEVP, through the Form I-20, “Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant Student Status,” certifying that the program is not entirely online, that the student is not taking an entirely online course load this semester, and that the student is taking the minimum number of online classes required to make normal progress in their degree program. The above exemptions do not apply to F-1 students in English language training programs or M-1 students pursing vocational degrees, who are not permitted to enroll in any online courses.

Schools should update their information in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) within 10 days of the change if they begin the fall semester with in-person classes but are later required to switch to only online classes, or a nonimmigrant student changes their course selections, and as a result, ends up taking an entirely online course load. Nonimmigrant students within the United States are not permitted to take a full course of study through online classes. If students find themselves in this situation, they must leave the country or take alternative steps to maintain their nonimmigrant status such as a reduced course load or appropriate medical leave.

Due to COVID-19, SEVP instituted a temporary exemption regarding online courses for the spring and summer semesters. This policy permitted nonimmigrant students to take more online courses than normally permitted by federal regulation to maintain their nonimmigrant status during the COVID-19 emergency.

F-1 nonimmigrant students pursue academic coursework and M-1 nonimmigrant students pursue vocational coursework while studying in the United States.



美国时间6月30日,康奈尔大学宣布秋季学期计划,并公布国际学生可以在全球十几个国家的当地大学暂时学习。所有中国公民和持有中国绿卡的国际学生由于疫情无法返校, 可以申请入读以下7所高校:清华大学、北京大学、浙江大学、上海交通大学、中国农业大学、首都师范大学、东华大学。






理工大學畢業生收入最多 前5名大學無常春藤學校

(World Journal) 編譯孫梁


加州克萊蒙特的Harvey Mudd學院,是畢業生中位收入最高的美國大學。(取自推特)



加州克萊蒙特的Harvey Mudd學院,是畢業生中位收入最高的美國大學。(取自該校網站)


畢業生中位收入最高的前五所大學,分別是加州克萊蒙特Harvey Mudd學院的15萬8200元、麻省理工學院的15萬5200元、加州屋崙市以健保為主的Samuel Merritt大學的15萬6100元、美國海軍官校的15萬2800元,以及加州理工學院的15萬1600元;而美國家庭的平均年收入是6萬1400元。








一年要花8萬多!這兩所大學 全美最貴

(World Journal) 特派員黃惠玲╱芝加哥報導






對於芝大提高學費、住宿費的決定,該校發言人馬尼爾(Jeremy Manier)說,校方會確保所有錄取學生,無須擔心家庭經濟狀況。推出多項措施,包括提供家庭年收入低於12.5萬元家庭「免學費保證」,也會盡力讓所有畢業生平均學生貸款低於7000元;此外,今秋入學新生開始,家庭年收入低於6萬元者,都可以學費、住宿費、雜費全免的助學金支持。

根據芝大發布的報告,全美15所最貴大學中,學費部分以布朗大學(Brown University)收費最高,哈佛大學學費是15所名校中收費最低的,但該校昂貴的住宿及其他費用的合計,將哈佛推升到僅次於芝加哥大學的全美第二貴的大學。

排名第二、第三的哈佛、賓大,新生年度花費均超過7萬8000元;排名第四的達特茅斯學院(Dartmouth College)約為7萬6500元;第五的耶魯大學7萬6000元;第六南加州大學(USC)7萬5000多元;第七加州理工學院將近7萬5000元;第八名為杜克大學,學生年花7萬4000多元;第九名布朗大學7萬4000元;接下來第十名到第14名的大學,分別為普林斯頓大學、喬治城大學、范德堡大學、麻省理工學院、約翰霍普金斯大學,這些學校年度花費均在7萬3000元之譜。



大學念名校 一生可增加多少財富?

(World Journal) 編譯季晶晶

美國日前爆出大學入學舞弊案,明星和富豪行賄以便子女能「走後門」擠進名校,加州商人辛格(William Rick Singer)是收賄主謀,遭美國聯邦檢察官起訴。路透



但數據顯示,長春藤名校耶魯大學(Yale)畢業生的平均起薪是6萬8300美元,比密西西比河谷州立大學(Mississippi Valley State University)的3萬2000美元高出一倍。進入名校不僅只是想起薪多幾萬美元而已,也希望為履歷表增添份量。

阿肯色大學教育政策和心理學政策的助理教授強納森・魏(Jonathan Wai)去年公布的分析研究顯示,富比世的最具影響力人物排行榜,有超過50%的女性和超過80%的男性都唸名校。每年1月在瑞士達沃斯舉辦的世界經濟論壇(WEF),90%的學術界人士和40%的企業執行長當初念的是名校。 富比世億萬富豪排行榜,也有超過40%的人進名校。



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College admissions scandal: Does attending an elite school mean you'll earn more money?

By Zlati Meyer, USA TODAY

The college admissions scam involving Lori Loughlin and Felicity Huffman shows how some rich families use a “side door” to game an already unfair education system.

Time is money, but so is a degree from an elite school.

That's usually what motivates the parents of high-school students to go all out to get them into top-tier colleges.

The largest-ever admissions bribery case – which includes Yale, Stanford, Georgetown and Wake Forest universities and the University of Southern California – unfolded on Tuesday and rocked the country. Chatter ranged from the alleged involvement of actresses Felicity Huffman and Lori Laughlin in the scandal to social media one-upmanship/one-downmanship with people posting where they did and didn't go to college.

But the bloodsport of gaining admission to a high-ranking college goes beyond prestige and car-window stickers, a.k.a. bragging rights. It comes down to one word – money.

In this July 10, 2013, file photo, prospective students tour Georgetown University's campus in Washington. Federal authorities have charged college coaches and others in a sweeping admissions bribery case in federal court. (Photo: Jacquelyn Martin, AP)

Let all ginseng lovers get the real ginseng from Wisconsin

Graduating from big-name schools translates into better jobs and higher salaries, according to conventional wisdom. Plus, there are the auxiliary benefits that also lead to cash – powerful alumni networks, name recognition that attracts the interest of hiring managers and the right collegiate brand to catapult graduating seniors to top-notch graduate schools, which are themselves tickets to more money.

Colleges and universities conferred approximately 2 million bachelor's degrees in 2015-2016, according to the most recent data from U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. Plus, they awarded more than 785,000 master's degrees and close to 178,000 doctorates.

"There's no question: If you get into a prestigious institution, it will create opportunities," said Lynn Pasquerella, president of the Association of American Colleges and Universities. "It’s an elite, selective club."

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Admissions scandal stems from money, prestige

An oft-quoted study from 2015 found that what you studied made a difference. If you're in liberal arts or business, the school counts, but that's not the case for someone in science, technology, engineering and math, also known as STEM. A decade after graduating, the biggest difference was among business majors; people who graduated from elite schools made an average of 12 percent more than students who earned their degrees at mid-tier schools and 18 percent more than graduates of less-selective and open-enrollment schools.

The road to better jobs is well trod from the brand-name schools. Recruiters return year after year because they know past hires from there have done well.

"Elite colleges get that advantage because recruiters tend to be from companies that pay more for prestigious positions," said Aviva Legatt, an Ardmore, Pennsylvania-based college admission consultant with as many as 50 clients every year, who declined to disclose her fees. "As a hiring manager, you might feel they have been pre-vetted by these colleges."

It's not just first jobs straight out of college. Later on in people's careers, head hunters still take note of job-seekers' alma maters. And that good first job leads to a second good job and with that better pay.

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Good jobs, alumni connections, grad schools among the bounty

Alisa Levin, of the New York City-based legal-recruiting firm Greene-Levin-Snyder, said clients favor top-tier schools over local ones because those alumni have an "instant credibility" that graduates of non-exclusive institutions don't.

"Twenty-five years out and they’ll still want to see transcripts... It's a forever thing," she said. "People want people who others want. If you've already won one race, you're more likely to win another."

Also important are alumni connections. The more esteemed the school, the more valuable the ties. Turning to fellow graduates for help – an introduction, a well-placed resume, an invitation to shmooze – keeps the cycle going from graduation gown to shroud.

"For every person you know in a field, that counts as much as submitting more than 150 resumes to an institution where you don't know anybody," said Pasquerella. "It’s hugely important to connecting... for their first job opportunities."

Levin called illustrious alumni networks "priceless," pointing out the powerful access they provide.

Not everyone believes an elite B.A. gets you from point A to point B, though.

Tony Carnevale, director of Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce, said that the advantages garnered from a top-tier school can disappear within four years of working and that getting a job through an alumni connection is "something that goes back to the Gilded Age" and long gone. Plus does a public-school teacher who went to Harvard make more than one who graduated from a state school?

"It's an aristocracy posing as a meritocracy; it’s more about Vanity Fair than Les Miserables," he said. "People spend tens of thousands of dollars to (send their children) to the right preschool because it’s a straight shot to Yale. The whole system is rigged in their favor."

YouTuber, influencer...cheater? Lori Loughlin, mother of Olivia Jade and her sister, Isabella Rose, was charged with bribing their way into USC. USA TODAY

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